Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is located in the south of the Asian Continent, with a population of 30,419,928, making it
the 4
0th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Kabul with a total population of 3,289,000. The country
encompasses 652,230 square kilometers making it the 41st largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with
Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Iran and Turkmenistan.

President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Hamid Karzai is recognized as the Chief of State and Head of Government
and, along with First Vice President Mohammad Qasim Fahim Khan and Second Vice President Abdul Karim Khalili,
achieves that status through direct vote and holds that position for five years. Its form of government is an Islamic
Republic, and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 16th of January 2004.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Afghan Persian (Dari), Pashtu, Uzbek, Turkmen, Balochi, Pashai and
much bilingualism. It counts among its major religions Sunni Muslim, Shi’a Muslim and other faiths. As sources of mass
communication it has 21 AM, 5 FM, 1 Short Wave and 7 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Nowshak, its highest point at 7,485 meters, and Amu Darya, its lowest point at 258 meters.
Its principal waterway is the Amu Darya, which measures 1,200 kilometers.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are small-scale production of textiles, soap,
furniture, shoes, fertilizer, cement, hand-woven carpets, natural gas, coal and copper. Its official currency is the Afghani.

Here’s something you may not know about Afghanistan. When most of Afghanistan was controlled by the Taliban, in the
areas under Taliban rule, women and girls could not go to school, work outside their home or go out without a male
relative. The Taliban ruled over Afghanistan from 1996 until 2001.
Amu Darya River-
Afghanistan's lowest
point and waterway
Dust storm towering
over small town in
Afghanistan
Afghani dancer in
traditional clothes
Helmand River
Herat Fortress
Herat
Khyber Pass-on  the
border between
Afghanistan and
Pakistan
Tradtional Afghani
Naan
Kabul- Afghanistan's
capital and largest city
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AFGHANISTAN
Updated 27 February 2013
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.01% (2001 est.)

N/A

N/A
Nowshak-
Afghanistan's highest
point
Afghani kids in
traditional dress
Alborz Mountains
along Afghanistan's
border with
Turkmenistan
Arghandab Valley near
Kandahar
Near the
Afghanistan-Uzbekistan
Friendship Bridge
Gowd-e-Zereh Salt
Pan- Afghanistan's
southernmost point on
the border with
Pakistan
Road from Herat to
Iran- Afghanistan's
westernmost point
Blue Mosque at
Mazar-e-Sharif
Mount Kongur on the
China border-
Afghanistan's
easternmost point
Pamir Mountains along
the border with
Tajikistan-
Afghanistan's
northernmost point
Salang Tunnel which
passes beneath the
Hindu Kush Mountains
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