People's Democratic Republic of Algeria is located in the North of the African Continent, with a population of 37,367,226,
making it the 3
4th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Algiers with a total metropolitan population of
5,000,000. The country encompasses 2,381,740 square kilometers making it the 11th largest country in total area. It shares
boundaries with Mediterranean Sea, Tunisia, Libya, Niger, Mali, Mauritania, Western Sahara and Morocco.

President Abdelaziz Bouteflika is recognized as the Chief of State and Head of Government and achieves that status through
popular vote and holds that position for five years and is eligible for a second term. A November 2008 Constitutional
Amendment transferred Head of Government powers to the President h
owever Prime Minister Abdelmakek Sellal is the titular
Head of Government and
who achieves that status through appointment by the president and holds that position at the will of
the president. Its form of government is a Republic and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 8th of September

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Arabic, French and Berber dialects. It counts among its major religions
Sunni Muslim, Christian and Jewish. As sources of mass communication it has 25 AM, 1 FM, 8 Short Wave and 46
Television stations.

Major geographical features are Tahat, its highest point at 3,003 meters and Chott Melrhir, its lowest point at –40 meters. Its
principal waterway is the Mediterranean Sea, which measures 988 kilometers of coastline.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are petroleum, natural gas, light industries,
mining, electrical, petrochemicals and food processing. Its official currency is Algerian Dinar.

Here’s something you may not know about Algeria. Algeria is the second-largest country in Africa, after Sudan.
Algiers Market
Algiers- Algeria's
capital and largest city
Children of Algeria
Couscous- a favorite
Algerian dish
Grand Erg Occidental
Mediterranean Sea-
Algeria's principle
Grand Erg Oriental
Abi's Home Page
Back to
Tahat- Algeria's
highest point
Updated 22 October 2012
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.1% (2009 est.)


Less than 1,000
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Algerian dancers in
traditional dress
Berbers in the Tassili
du Hoggar on Algeria's
border with Niger
Sunset over Chott
Melrhir- Algeria's
lowest point
Erg Iguidi on Algeria's
border with Mauritania
Cyclists on the Erg
Chebbi on Algeria's
border with Morocco
The port of Ghazaouet
on Algeria's border
with Morocco
Soukahras on Algeria's
border with Tunisia
Tanezrouft region- the
most desolate section
of the Sahara- on
Algeria's border with
Tassili des Ajjar-
Algeria's easternmost
point on the border
with Libya and Niger
Tindouf- Algeria's
westernmost point on
the border with
Western Sahara
Border station near In
Guezzam- Algeria's
southernmost point on
the border with Niger
Skikda- Algeria's
northernmost point on
the Mediterranean Sea
Cote de Kristel on the
Mediterranean Sea
Saharan Atlas
Mountains near Aflou