Principality of Andorra is located in the southwest of the European Continent, with a population of 85,082, making it the 200th
largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Andorra la Vella with a total population of 22,256. The country
encompasses 468 square kilometers making it the 193rd largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with France and
French Co-prince Francois Hollande and Spanish Co-prince Bishop Joan Enric Vives i Sicilia are recognized as the Chiefs of
State and achieve that status through popular vote for the French president and appointment by the Pope for the Spanish
Bishop. The President of France holds his position for five years and may be reelected from the citizens of France and the
Bishop of Urgell holds his position for life or until ecclesiastical elevation. The President of France is represented by Christian
Fremont and the Bishop of Urgell is represented by Nemesi Marques i Oste. Executive Council President Antoni Marti Petit is
recognized as the Head of Government and achieves that status through election by General Council and is formally appointed
by the Co-princes and holds that position for a four-year term. Its form of government is a Parliamentary Democracy and
they celebrate the adoption of their constitution on 28 April 1993.
The languages commonly or officially spoken are Catalan, French, Castillian and Portuguese. It counts among its major
religion Roman Catholic. As sources of mass communication it has 15 FM stations.
Major geographical features are Coma Pedrosa, its highest point at 2,946 meters, and Riu Runer near Sant Julia de Loria, its
lowest point at 840 meters. Its principal waterway is Valira d’Orient, which measures 50 kilometers.
Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are tourism, cattle raising, timber and
banking. Its official currency is Euro.
Here’s something you may not know about Andorra. For 715 years from 1278 to 1993 Andorrans lived under a unique Co-
principal, ruled by French and Spanish leaders. In 1993 this feudal system was modified with the titular heads of state
retained, but the government transformed into a Parliamentary Democracy.
|Andorra and Spain
border with the Riu
|Andorra la Vella-
Andorra's capital and
Andorra's highest point
Updated 23 November 2012
|Adult Prevalence Rate:
People Living with HIV/AIDS:
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easternmost point on
the French border
|Andorran kids in folk
southernmost point on
the border with Spain
|Notre Dame de
|Pic de Font Blanca-
northernmost point on
the border with France
|Xai- an Andorran lamb
|Pic de Sanfons-
point on the border