Republic of Armenia is located in the southwest of the Asian Continent, with a population of 2,970,495, making it the
138th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is
Yerevan with a total population of 1,121,900 people.
The country encompasses 29,880 square kilometers making it the 141st largest country in total area. It shares
boundaries with Georgia, Azerbaijan, Iran and Turkey.

President Serzh Sargsyan is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through popular vote and holds
that position for five years and is eligible for a second term. Prime Minister Tigran Sargsyan is recognized as the Head
of Government and achieves that status through presidential appointment confirmed with the majority support of the
national assembly and holds that position for five years. Its form of government is a republic and they celebrate the
creation of their constitution on the 5th of July 1995.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Armenian, Yezidi, Russian and other languages. It counts among its
major religions Armenian Apostolic, other Christian and Yezidi. As sources of mass communication it has 9 AM, 6
FM, 1 Short Wave and 3 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Aragats Lernagagat, its highest point at 4,090 meters and Debed River, its lowest
point at 400 meters. Its principal waterway is Lake Sevan, which measures 700 kilometers.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are diamond processing, metal cutting
machine tools, forging-processing machine, electrical motors, tires, knitted wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabrics,
chemicals and trucks. Its official currency is the Armenian Dram.

Here’s something you may not know about Armenia. The first sentence written with the Armenian alphabet was
“Tjunachel zimastoochoom yev zchrat manal zhans hantjuro...” which means “To know wisdom and gain instruction;
to discern the world of understanding...”
Alaverdi copper factory
Armenian boy
Hrazdan River in
central Armenia
Lake Sevan- Armenia's
principle water
Medieval bridge close
to Kapan
Aragats Lerrnagagat'
or Mount Aragats-
Armenia's highest point
Traditional Armenian
food including
basturma and sujukh,
dried and spicy beef
Meghri fortress along
the Aras River
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Yerevan- Armenia's
capital and largest city
Updated 18 November 2012
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.1% (2009 est.)


Less than
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Debed River at
Vanadzor near
Georgia border-
Armenia's lowest point
Aras Valley on
Armenia's Turkish
Arax River near
Agarak- Armenia's
southernmost point
Armenian girl in
traditional dress
Bagratashen on
Armenia's border with
Dilijan- Armenia's
northernmost point
Sot'k- Georgia's
easternmost point on
the border with
Ughtasar Lake-
Armenia's westernmost
point on the border
with Turkey
Zangezur Mountains
which forms the border
of Armenia with
Autonomous Republic