Republic of Azerbaijan is located in the southwest of the Asian Continent, with a population of 9,493,600, making it the 91st
largest national population. Its capital and largest city is
Baku with a total population of 2,122,300. The country encompasses
86,600 square kilometers making it the 11
3th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with Russia, Caspian Sea, Iran,
Armenia and Georgia.

President Ilham Aliyev is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through popular vote and holds that position
for five years and is eligible for a second term.
Prime Minister Artur Rasizade is recognized as the Head of Government and,
along with First Deputy Prime Minister Yaqub Eyyubov
and Deputy Prime Ministers Elchin Efendiyev, Ali Hasanov and Abid
Sharifov,
achieves that status through appointment by the president and confirmation by the National Assembly and holds that
position five years. Its form of government is a republic and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 12th of
November 1995.
Bako Sahakyan is the Chief of State and Head of the breakaway Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and achieves
that status through through popular vote and holds that position for five years. Prime Minister Arayik Harutyunyan is
recognized as the Head of Government and achieves that status by appointment of the President with approval of the
Parliament of Karabakh. Nagorno-Karabakh is considered a de facto autonomous government within Azerbaijan which is
formally recognized by only seven nations.


The languages commonly or officially spoken are Azerbaijani, Lezgi, Russian, Armenian and other and unspecified tongues. It
counts among its major religions Muslim, Russian Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox and other faiths. As sources of mass
communication it has 10 AM, 17 FM, 1 Short Wave and 2 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Bazarduzu Dagi, its highest point at 4,485 meters and Caspian Sea, its lowest point at -28
meters. Its principal waterway is the Caspian Sea, which measures 800 kilometers of coastline.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are petroleum and natural gas, petroleum
products, oilfield equipment, steel, iron ore, cement, chemicals and petrochemicals and textiles. Its official currency is
Azerbaijani Manat.

Here’s something you may not know about Azerbaijan.  Azerbaijan - a nation with a Turkic and majority-Muslim population -
was briefly independent from 1918 to 1920 before being absorbed by the Soviet Union. It regained independence in 1991.
Azerbaijan children in
front of an Armenian
Orthodox church in
Baku
Baku - Azerbaijan's  
capital and largest city
Azerbaijan beach on
the Caspian Sea-
Azerbaijan's lowest
point and waterway
Facade of Khan's
Palace, Saki
Ganca Town Hall
Gegel Lake
Saki
Traditional Azeri bread
called Cocas
Stepanakert- the
capital and largest city
of breakaway region
Nagarno-Karabakh
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AZERBAIJAN
Updated 10 February 2013
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.1% (2009 est.)

3
,600

less then
200
Azeri tea sweetened
with jam from a
traditional chaykhana
(tea house)
Bazarduzu Dagi in the
Caucasus Mountains-
Azerbaijan's highest
point
Gandzasar Monastery
in the independent
republic of Nagorno-
Karabakh
Astara- Azerbaijan's
southernmost point on
the Caspian Sea and
the Iranian border
Ateshgyakh
Fire-Worshippers
Temple
Balakan in the
Caucasus Mountains
on the Georgia border
Mardakan Fortress on
the Apsheron
Peninsula
Nakhichevan
Autonomous region-
an Azeri exclave in
Armenia and the
westernmost point of
Azerbaijan
Oilrock artificial island
near Zhiloy Island-
Azerbaijan's
easternmost point on
the Caspian Sea
Woman in the Talysh
Mountains on
Azerbaijan's border
with Iran
Yalama on the
Caspian Sea-
Azerbaijan's
northernmost point on
the border with Russia
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