Republic of Belarus is located in the east of the European Continent, with a population of 9,643,566, making it the 89th largest
national population. Its capital and largest city is Minsk with a total population of 1,901,700. The country encompasses
207,600 square kilometers making it the 86th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with Latvia, Russia, Ukraine,
Poland and Lithuania.
President Aleksandr Lukashenko is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through popular vote and holds
that position for five years. Prime Minister Mikhail Myasnikovch is recognized as the Head of Government and, along with
Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Semashko, achieves that status through appointment by the president and holds that position
four years however, the United States does not recognize the results of the 19 December 2010 elections under which the
Central Election Commission of Belarus declared Lukashenko president. Its form of government is a republic, and they
celebrate the creation of their constitution on 5th of March 1994.
The languages commonly or officially spoken are Belarusian, Russian, Polish, Ukrainian and other. It counts among its major
religions Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, Muslim and other faiths. As sources of mass communication
it has 28 AM, 37 FM, 11 Short Wave and 47 Television stations.
Major geographical features are Dzyarzhynskaya Hara, its highest point at 346 meters and the Nyoman River, its lowest point
at 90 meters. Its principal waterway is the Dnieper River, which measures 2,500 kilometers.
Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are metal-cutting machine tools, tractors,
trucks, earthmovers, motorcycles, televisions, chemical fibers, fertilizer, textiles, radios and refrigerators. Its official currency
is the Belarusian ruble.
Here’s something you may not know about Belarus: Glacial scouring accounts for the flatness of Belarusian terrain and for its
capital and largest city
|Mir Castle on the
Belarus's lowest point
Updated 01 March 2013
|Adult Prevalence Rate:
People Living with HIV/AIDS:
0.3% (2009 est.)
less than 1,000
|Braslau Lake on
Belarus' border with
westernmost point on
the border with Poland
easternmost point of
Belarus on the
point on the border
|Mazyr on the Prypiat
|Sapockin on Belarus'
border with Lithuania
northernmost point of
Belarus on the
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