Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in the southeast of the European Continent, with a population of 3,879,296, making it the
128th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Sarajevo with a total population of 321,000. The country
encompasses 51,197 square kilometers making it the 129th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with Croatia,
Serbia, Montenegro and the Adriatic Sea.
Chairman of the Presidency Nebojsa Radmanovic (a Serb) is recognized as the Chief of State and along with co-presidents
Bakir Izetbegovia (a Bosniak) and Zeljko Komsic (a Croat) achieves that status through popular vote and holds that position
for four years and is eligible for a second term. According to the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the three
members of the presidency (one Bosniak, one Croat, one Serb) each serve as Chairman of the Presidency on a rotating
basis every eight months and resumes where it left off following each national election. Chairman of the Council of
Ministers Vjekoslav Bevanda is recognized as the Head of Government and achieves that status through appointment by the
three member presidency and confirmation by the National House of Representatives and holds that position four-years. Its
form of government is an emerging federal democratic republic and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 14th
of December 1995.
The languages commonly or officially spoken are Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian. It counts among its major religions
Muslim, Orthodox, Roman Catholic and other faiths. As sources of mass communication it has 8 AM, 16 FM, 1 Short
Wave and 33 Television stations.
Major geographical features are Maglic, its highest point at 2,386 meters and the Adriatic Sea, its lowest point at 0 meters.
Its principal waterway is the Sava River, which measures 300 kilometers.
Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are steel, coal, iron ore, lead, zinc,
manganese, bauxite, vehicle assembly, textiles, tobacco products, wooden furniture, tank and aircraft assembly, domestic
appliances, oil refining. Its official currency is Konvertibilna Marka.
Here’s something you may not know about Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnia and Herzegovina's declaration of sovereignty in
October 1991 was followed by a declaration of independence from the former Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992 after a
referendum boycotted by ethnic Serbs.
|Sarajevo- Bosnia and
and largest city
Updated 22 February 2013
|Adult Prevalence Rate:
People Living with HIV/AIDS:
Less then 0.1%
900 (2007 est.)
|Orthodox Cathedral in
|Tradtional stuffing with
|Maglic- Bosnia and
|Adriatic Sea- Bosnia
westernmost point of
Herzegovina on the
border with Croatia
|Busko Jezero- Bosnia
|Neum- Bosnia and
town on the Adriatic
|Popovo Polje Valley in
near the Montenegro
|Sastsvci- an exclave
inside the Serbian
town of Priboj
|Trebinje- Bosnia and
near the border with
|Jasenovac- the site of
a World War II
concentration camp nd
the northernmost point
of Bosnia and
|Vjetrenica Cave in
Read about human rights in Pax
Gaea World Post Report!
|The Old Bridge in
Mostar linking the
Christian section to the