Republic of Bulgaria is located in the southeast of the European Continent, with a population of 7,037,935, making it the
100th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Sofia with a total population of 1,204,685. The country
encompasses 110,879 square kilometers making it the 105th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with
Romania, Black Sea, Turkey, Greece, Macedonia and Serbia.
President Rosen Plevneliev is recognized as the Chief of State and, along with Vice President Margarita Popova achieves
that status through popular vote and holds that position for five years and is eligible for a second term. Prime Minister
Boyko Borissov is recognized as the Head of Government and along with Deputy Prime Ministers Simeon Djankov and
Tsvetan Tsvetanov achieves that status when the Chairman of the Council of Ministers is nominated by the president and
elected by the national assembly and holds that position five years as Prime Minister. Its form of government is a
parliamentary democracy and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 12 July 1991.
The languages commonly or officially spoken are Bulgarian, Turkish, Romanian and other and unspecified languages. It
counts among its major religions Bulgarian Orthodox, Muslim, other Christian and other faiths. As sources of mass
communication it has 31 AM, 63 FM, 2 Short Wave and 39 Television stations.
Major geographical features are Musala, its highest point at 2,925 meters and the Black Sea, its lowest point at 0 meters. Its
principal waterway is the Danube River, which measures 470 kilometers.
Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are electricity, gas, water; food, beverages,
tobacco; machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum and nuclear fuel. Its official
currency is the Bulgarian Lev.
Here’s something you may not know about Bulgaria. The Bulgars, a Central Asian Turkic tribe, merged with the local
Slavic inhabitants in the late 7th century to form the first Bulgarian state.
|The Black Sea not far
Bulgaria's lowest point
|Bansita- a Bulgarian
cheese filled bread
|Bulgarian women in
|Ruse Opera House on
Bulgaria's border with
|Ski resort in the Rila
Updated 19 January 2013
|Adult Prevalence Rate:
People Living with HIV/AIDS:
0.1% (2009 est.)
less than 200
|The Church of Christ
Century in Nessebur
|Varna City on the
northernmost point on
the borders of Serbia
point on the Black Sea
station on Bulgaria's
border with Macedonia
|Mount Shulep Kamak-
point on the border
with Serbia and
|Natural Bridge in the
southernmost point on
the border with Greece
|Silastar Beach south of
Rezovo on the Black
Sea and Bulgaria's
border with Turkey
capital and largest city
|Stara Zagora in central
Read about human rights in Pax
Gaea World Post Report!