Republic of Burundi is located in the center of the African Continent, with a population of 10,888,321, making it the 78th
largest national population. Its capital and largest city is
Bujumbura with a total population of 800,000. The country
encompasses 27,830 square kilometers making it the 14
7th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with Rwanda,
Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

President Pierre Nkurunziza is recognized as the Chief of State and Head of Government and, along with First Vice
President Therence Sinunguruza (Tutsi) and Second Vice President Gervais Rufyikiri (Hutu), achieves that status through
popular vote and holds that position for five years and is eligible for a second term. Its form of government is a republic
and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 28th of February 2005.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Kirundi, French and Swahili. It counts among its major religions
Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous beliefs and Muslim. As sources of mass communication it has 4 FM, 1
Short Wave and 1 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Heha, its highest point at 2,670 meters and Lake Tanganyika, its lowest point at 772
meters. Its principal waterway is Lake Tanganyika, which measures 150 kilometers.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are blankets, shoes, soap, public works
construction and food processing. Its official currency is the Burundi Franc.

Here’s something you may not know about Burundi. The original inhabitants of Burundi were the Twa, a Pygmy people
who now make up only 1% of the population. Today, the population is divided between the Hutu, approximately 85% and
the Tutsi, approximately 14%.
Chappati- an Indian
bread that is used in
everyday Burundian
Traditional Burundi
house in Kirundo
Mtumba Mountains
near Lake Tanganyika
Gitembo Dancers in
Mount Heha- Burundi's
highest point
Lake Tanganyika-
Burundi's  lowest point
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Updated 01 April 2013
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
3.3% (2009 est.)


Burundian kids
Bujumbura- Burundi's
capital and largest city
Elephant taking a bath
Terrain of southern
Burundi near Mabanda
Kirundo Dancers
"Lac aux oiseaux",
Bird's Lake in Kirundo
Lake Cohaha, on the
Burundi/Rwanda border
Rusizi River along
Burundi's border with
the Democratic
Republic of Congo
Traditional Burundian
Cibitoke- Burundi's
westernmost point on
the border with
Democratic Republic of
Gisagara- Burundi's
easternmost point on
the border with
Malagarasi River-
southernmost point on
the border with
Refugee camp in
Rweru- Burundi's
northernmost point on
the border with Rwanda
Pyramid at Rutovu
atop Mount Kikizi- the
Source of the Nile
River in Burundi
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