Republic of Chad is located in the center of the African Continent, with a population of 10,975,648, making it the
75th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is N’Djamena with a total population of 993,492. The
country encompasses 1,284,000 square kilometers making it the 21st largest country in total area. It shares
boundaries with Libya, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria and Niger.
President Lt. General Idriss Deby Itno is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through popular
vote and holds that position for five years with no term limits. Prime Minister Emmanuel Nadingar is recognized as
the Head of Government and achieves that status through presidential appointment. Its form of government is a
Republic and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 31st of March 1996.
The languages commonly or officially spoken are French, Arabic, Sara and over 200 other languages and dialects.
It counts among its major religions Muslim, Christian, Animist and Other. As sources of mass communication it
has 2 AM, 4 FM, 5 Short Wave and 1 Television stations.
Major geographical features are Emi Koussi, its highest point at 3,415 meters and Djourab Depression, its lowest
point at 160 meters. Its principal waterways are Lake Chad, which feeds The Chari and Logone rivers, which
measure approximately 1,000 kilometers.
Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are oil, cotton textiles, meat
packing, beer brewing, natron, soap, cigarettes and construction materials. Its official currency is Communaute
Financiere Africaine franc.
Here’s something you may not know about Chad. Lake Chad, which is the principal body of fresh water for the
region and the 4th largest lake in Africa, is suffering from years of drought and over use, dropping its levels to
1/20th of its size 35 years ago.
|Boys in the bush of
|Rock paintings in the
Sahara Desert of
|Lake Chad- Chad's
principle waterway and
westernmost point on
the borders with
Nigeria and Cameroon
Updated 16 August 2012
|Adult Prevalence Rate:
People Living with HIV/AIDS:
3.4% (2009 est.)
|Paleolithic artifacts in
|Mosque in N'Djamena-
Chad's capital and
|Crater at the foot of
Emi Koussi- Chad's
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southernmost point on
the border with Central
|Baked millet- a staple
of the Chadian diet
|Bardai Oasis in the
Aozou Strip- Chad's
northernmost point on
the border with Libya
|Chadian women in
easternmost point on
the border with Sudan
|Logone River at
Bongor on Chad's
border with Cameroon
|Land Rover in the
on Chad's border with