Republic of Chile is located in the south of the South American Continent, with a population of 17,067,369, making it the 62nd
largest national population. Its capital and largest city is
Santiago with a total population of 5,428,590. The country
encompasses 756,930 square kilometers making it the 38th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with Peru,
Bolivia, Argentina and the South Pacific Ocean.

President Dr. Miguel Juan Sebastián Piñera Echenique is recognized as the Chief of State and Head of Government and
achieves that status through popular vote and holds that position for a single four-year term. Its form of government is a
republic and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 11th of September 1980.

The language commonly or officially spoken is Spanish. It counts among its major religions Roman Catholic, Protestant and
Jewish NEGL. As sources of mass communication it has 181 AM, 64 FM, 17 Short Wave and 63 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Nevado Ojos del Salado, its highest point at 6,880 meters and the Pacific Ocean, its lowest
point at 0 meters. Its principal waterway is the Pacific Ocean, which measures 6,339 kilometers of coastline.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are copper, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish
processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement and textiles. Its official currency is the
Chilean Peso.

Here’s something you may not know about Chile. In 1994 a Red Saving Habenero from GNS Spices in Chile was found to be
an astonishing 577,000 Scovile Units, a unit measure of spiciness, and it was believed to be the hottest pepper ever!
The Salt Pans
Fray Jorge National
Chilean kids
Monuments on Easter
Island- a part of Chile
Nevado Ojos Del
Salado- Chile's highest
Santiago- Chile's
capital and largest city
Loma a lo pobre- a
traditional Chilean dish
of fried beef, eggs,
onions and french fries
The Colorado River
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Updated 17 October 2012
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.4% (2009 est.)


Puerto Williams, Tierra
Del Fuego- the
southernmost city of
both Chile and the
Read about human rights in Pax
Gaea World Post Report!
Altiplano- on Chile's
border with Bolivia
Archipelago Juan
Fernandez- also
known as Robinson
Crusoe Island
Arica- Chile's
northernmost city on
the border with Peru
Perito Moreno Glacier
in southern Patagonia
Cape Horn- the
southern tip of Chile
and the South
American continent
Capurata Volcano on
Chile's border with
E Mano del Desierto- a
Chilean landmark in
the Atacama Desert
Gauchos- a national
costume of Chile
Isla da Chloe in
Northern Patagonia
Paseo de Agua Negra
in the Andes on Chile's
border with Argentina
San Felix- the
westernmost point in
Chile in the
(Unfortunate) Islands
Parinacota Volcano in
Parque Nacional
Lauca- Chile's
northernmost point on
the border with Peru
The South Pole which
is claimed by Chile
Motu Nui in Easter
Island- the
westernmost territory
of Chile
Campo de Heilo Norte
in the Taitao
Peninsula- Chile's
westernmost mainland
Nevados de Poquis-
Chile's easternmost
point on the border
with Argentina
Puerto Aisen in
Punta arenas on the
Strait of Magellan
Sala y Gomez Islands-
Chile's easternmost
claim in the Polynesian