Republic of Colombia is located in the northwest of the South American Continent, with a population of 45,239,079, making it
the 2
9th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Bogota with a total population of 7,363,782. The country
encompasses 1,138,910 square kilometers making it the 26th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with Caribbean
Sea, Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, North Pacific Ocean and Panama.

President Juan Manuel S
antos Calderon is recognized as the Chief of State and Head of Government and, along with Vice
President Angelino Garzón, achieves that status through popular vote and holds that position for four years and is eligible for a
second term. Its form of government is a republic and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 5 July 1991.

The language commonly or officially spoken is Spanish. It counts among its major religions Roman Catholic and other faiths.
As sources of mass communication it has 454 AM, 34 FM, 27 Short Wave and 60 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Pico Cristobal Colon, its highest point at 5,775 meters and the- North Pacific Ocean, its
lowest point at 0 meters. Its principal waterway is North Pacific Ocean, which measures 3, 208 kilometers of coastline.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and
footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, and emeralds. Its official currency is Colombian Peso.

Here’s something you may not know about Colombia. In Cali, Colombia, a woman may only have sex with her husband, and
the first time this happens, her mother must be in the room to witness the act.
Bogota- Colombia's
capital and largest city
Caqueta River in
southwest Colombia
Puerto Leguazamo on
the Putumayo River-
on Colombia's border
with Peru
Cruise on the Amazon
Magdalena River in
northern Colombia
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Updated 24 October 2012
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.5% (2009 est.)


Colombian Girls
Meta River- Colombia
major tributary of the
Orinoco River
Naranjilla- also called
lulo in Colombia
Punta Gallinas- the
northernmost point of
Columbia and the
South American
Pico Ojeda in the Sierra
Nevada de Santa Marta,
just east of Pico
Cristobal Colon
Mountain road leading
to Puerto Bolivar
Read about human rights in Pax
 World Post Report!
Acandi on the
Caribbean Sea near
Columbia's border with
Ajiaco- a traditional
Colombian soup of
chicken, potatoes, sour
cream, avocados and
Cartegena on
Colombia's Caribbean
Darien Gap- an
impenetrable barrier
between Colombia and
Las Lajas Cathedral in
Impiales on Colombia's
border with Ecuador
Leticia- the
southernmost town in
Colombia on the
Amazon and border
with Peru and Brazil
Pico Cristobal Colon-
Colombia's highest point
Puerto Carreno on the
Orinoco River on
Colombia's border with
Colombia folk dancers
in traditional dress
Puerto Bolivar-
northernmost town
Tumaco on the Pacific
Coast- Colombia's
lowest point
Rio Mira Estuary-
westernmost point on
the Pacific Ocean
San Felipe on the Rio
Negro- Colombia's
easternmost point on
the borders with
Venezuela and Brazil