Union of Comoros is located in the southern Indian Ocean of the African Continent, with a population of 737,284, making it
the 164th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Moroni on the island of Grand Comore (Njazidja) with a
total population of 60,200. The country encompasses 2,235 square kilometers making it the 180th largest country in total
area. It shares boundaries with the Indian Ocean and Mozambique Channel.
President Ikililou Dhonine is recognized as the Chief of State and Head of Government and, along with Vice President
Mohamed Ali Soilihi, achieves that status through popular election and holds that position for a single four-year term.
According to the Comoros Constitution, the presidency rotates between the three islands every four years with Moheli
(Mwali) holding the presidency until May 2014 after which will rotate Grand Comore (Njazidja) and then Anjouan (Nzwani)
in successive four year terms. Its form of government is a federal presidential republic and they celebrate the creation of
their constitution on 23rd of December 2001.
The languages commonly or officially spoken are Arabic, French and Shikomoro. It counts among its major religions Sunni
Muslim and Roman Catholic. As sources of mass communication it has 1 AM, 4 FM and 1 Short Wave.
Major geographical features are Le Kartala on Grand Comore (Njazidja), its highest point at 2,360 meters and the Indian
Ocean, its lowest point at 0 meters. Its principal waterway is Indian Ocean, which measures 340 kilometers of coastline.
Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are fishing, tourism and perfume
distillation. Its official currency is the Comoros Franc.
Here’s something you may not know about Comoros. Comoros has endured 19 coups or attempted coups since gaining
independence from France in 1975 with the election of May 2006 being the first peaceful transfer of power since
|Itsanda Beach near
Fomboni on Moheli
Comoros 200 years
ago from Madagascar
Mayotte Island- a
French possession in
the Comoros Islands
|Moheli Island with the
Indian Ocean coast,
Comoros' lowest point
capital and largest city
Updated 06 March 2013
|Adult Prevalence Rate:
People Living with HIV/AIDS:
0.1% (2009 est.)
less than 500
less than 100
pasta and ribs plate
brought from France
|Village children in
|La Kartala- an active
volcano and highest
point in Comoros
|Chiroroni on Anjouan
Island- the southern
and easternmost point
|Iconi on Grande
|Mitsamiouli on Grande
northernmost point of
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