Republic of Costa Rica is located in the center of the North American Continent, with a population of 4,636,348, making it
the 12
1st largest national population. Its capital and largest city is San Jose with a total population of 288,054. The country
encompasses 51,100 square kilometers making it the 1
30th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with
Nicaragua, Caribbean Sea, Panama and the North Pacific Ocean.

President Laura Chinchilla Miranda is recognized as the Chief of State and Head of Government and, along with First Vice
President Alfio Piva Mesen and Second Vice President Luis Liberman Ginsburg, achieves that status through popular vote
and holds that position for four years. Its form of government is a democratic republic and they celebrate the creation of
their constitution on 7th of November 1949.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Spanish and English. It counts among its major religions Roman Catholic,
Evangelical, Jehovah's Witnesses, other Protestant and other and no faiths. As sources of mass communication it has 65
AM, 51 FM, 19 Short Wave and 20 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Cerro Chirripo, its highest point at 3,810 meters, and the Pacific Ocean, its lowest point at
0 meters. Its principal waterways are the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, which measure 731 kilometers of coastline.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are microprocessors, food processing,
textiles and clothing, construction materials, fertilizer and plastic products. Its official currency is Costa Rican Colon.

Here’s something you may not know about Costa Rica. Why does coffee grow so well around San Jose? It's the climate.
The Central Valley, in which the city sits, has a perfect climate. At 1,125 meters above sea level, San Jose enjoys springlike
temperatures year-round.
Arenal Volcano
National Park in the
Tilaran Mountains
Tradtional Costa Rican
omelet made with
potatoes, eggs, tomato
and peas
Irazu- an active  
volcano near the
capital of San Jose
Cerro Chirripo in the
Mountains- Costa
Rica's highest point
Lake Arenal
Howler Monkeys
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Updated 07 February 2013
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.3% (2009 est.)


less than
San Juan River on
Costa Rica's northern
border with Nicaragua
Tradtional Costa Rican
Black sand beach on
the Pacific Ocean-
Costa Rica's lowest
point and one of its
San Jose- Costa Rica's
capital and largest city
Monteverde Cloud
Drake Bay on the
Costa Rica's Pacific
Frio River- a source
for Lago de Nicaragua
Mama and baby sloth
Magia Blanca Waterfall
Playa Espadilla and
Parque National
Manuel Antonio on the
Pacific Coast- Costa
Rica's most popular
tourist destination
Osa Peninsula
Tortuguero National
Park on Costa Rica's
Caribbean Sea
This railroad bridge is
a common means of
crossing from Costa
Rica to the Panama
North of La Cruz-
Costa Rica's
northernmost point on
the Nicaragua border
Playa Grande in
Parque Nacional
Marino Las Baulas-
Costa Rica's
westernmost point
Puerto Viejo- Costa
Rica's easternmost
point on the Caribbean
Punta Gorda- Costa
Rica's southernmost
point on the Pacific
coast and the Panama
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