Republic of Cuba is located in the Caribbean of the North American Continent, with a population of 11,075,244, making it
the 74th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Havana with a total population of 2,930,201. The country
encompasses 110,860 square kilometers making it the 106th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with the
Straits of Florida, North Atlantic Ocean, Cayman Trench, Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico.
President of the Council of State and President of the Council of Ministers Gen. Raul Castro Ruz is recognized as the Chief
of State and Head of Government and, along with First Vice President of the Council of State and First Vice President of
the Council of Ministers Gen. Jose Ramon Machado Ventura, achieves that status through election of the National
Assembly and holds that position for five years with no term limits. Its form of government is a Communist State and they
celebrate the creation of their constitution on 24th of February 1976.
The languages commonly or officially spoken are Spanish. It counts among its major religions Roman Catholic, Protestants,
Jehovah's Witnesses, Jewish, and Santeria. As sources of mass communication it has 169 AM, 55 FM, 1 Short Wave and
58 Television stations.
Major geographical features are Pico Turquino, its highest point at 2,005 meters and the Caribbean Sea, its lowest point at 0
meters. Its principal waterway is the Caribbean Sea and the Strait of Florida, which measure 240 kilometers.
Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are sugar, petroleum, tobacco,
construction, nickel, steel, cement, agricultural machinery and pharmaceuticals. Its official currency is Cuban Peso.
Here’s something you may not know about Cuba. Cuban Tree Frogs are notorious for eating other frogs. Collectors of the
species have found that if there are other species of frogs in the same tank, Cuban Tree Frogs have been known to feast on
|Gateway to Colon
Updated 25 January 2013
|Adult Prevalence Rate:
People Living with HIV/AIDS:
0.1% (2009 est.)
less then 100
|Cuban beach on the
Cuba's lowest point
|El Malecon, the
waterfront of Havana-
Cuba's capital and
|Manzanillo Beach on
Cuba's Cayman Trench
|Pico Turquino- Cuba's
|Sunset on Isla de la
Mountains in Cuba's
|Ropa Vieja- a
traditional Cuban dish
of flank steak in tomato
sauce, black beans,
yellow rice and fried
|Sierra de los Organos
Mountains in Cuba's
|Cuban ladies in
|Baracoa Bay near
Cape Maysi- Cuba's
|Maria La Gorda on
|Peninsula de Hicacos-
Read about human rights in Pax
Gaea World Post Report!