Czech Republic is located in the center of the European Continent, with a population of 10,177,300, making it the 84th
largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Prague with a total population of 1,262,106. The country
encompasses 78,867 square kilometers making it the 116th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with Poland,
Slovakia, Austria and Germany.
President Milos Zeman is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through election by popular vote (as
introuced by a 2012 constitutional amendment), holds that position for five years and is eligible for a second term. Prime
Minister Petr Necas is recognized as the Head of Government and, along with First Deputy Prime Minister Karel
Schwarzenberg and Deputy Prime Minister Karolina Peake, achieves that status through appointment by the president and
holds that position for five years. Its form of government is a parliamentary democracy and they celebrate the creation of
their constitution on 16 December 1992.
The language commonly or officially spoken is Czech. It counts among its major religions Roman Catholic, Protestant,
other, unspecified and unaffiliated faiths. As sources of mass communication it has 31 AM, 304 FM, 17 Short Wave and
150 Television stations.
Major geographical features are Snezka, its highest point at 1,602 meters, and the Elbe River, its lowest point at 115 meters.
Its principal waterways are the Elbe, Vltava and Oder Rivers, which measure 664 kilometers.
Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are metallurgy, machinery and equipment,
motor vehicles, glass and armaments. Its official currency is the Czech Koruna.
Here’s something you may not know about Czech Republic. The Czech Republic is strategically located astride some of
oldest and most significant land routes in Europe.
|Brno Cityscape in
|Cathedral in Prague-
capital and largest city
|Elbe River- Czech
Republic's lowest point
|Part of the Carpathian
|Morva River on the
Czech Republic and
Updated 27 January 2013
|Adult Prevalence Rate:
People Living with HIV/AIDS:
less then 0.1%
2,000 (2009 est.)
less then 100
|Top of Mount Snezka-
highest point on the
border with Poland
|Tradtional Czech dress
during summer festival
westernmost point on
the border with
northernmost point on
the border with
|Olza River in Bukovec-
easternmost point on
the border with Poland
|Vyssi Brod- Czech
southernmost point on
the border with Austria
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