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Republic of Ecuador is located in the west of the South American Continent, with a population of 15,223,680, making it the
66th largest national population. Its capital is
Quito and its largest city is Guayaquil with a total population of 3,500,000.
The country encompasses 283,560 square kilometers making it the 73rd largest country in total area. It shares boundaries
with Colombia, Peru and the Pacific Ocean.

President Rafael Correa Delgado is recognized as the Chief of State and Head of Government and, along with Vice
President Lenin Moreno Garces, achieves that status through popular vote and holds that position for a four year term and
may not serve consecutive terms. Its form of government is a republic and they celebrate the creation of their constitution
on 10 August 1998.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Spanish and Amerindian dialects. It counts among its major religions
Roman Catholic and other faiths. As sources of mass communication it has 392 AM, 35 FM, 29 Short Wave and 7
Television stations.

Major geographical features are Chimborazo, its highest point at 6,267 meters and the Pacific Ocean, its lowest point at 0
meters. Its principal waterways are a series of rivers including the Chira, Daule and Esmeraldas Rivers, mostly inaccessible
as well as the Pacific coastline, which measure 1,500 meters.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are petroleum, food processing, textiles,
wood products and chemicals. Its official currency is the United States Dollar.

Here’s something you may not know about Ecuador. Cotopaxi in the Ecuadorian Andes is the highest active volcano in the
world.
Blue footed Booby in
Galapagos Islands
Cotopaxi- The world's
highest active volcano!
Chimborazo-
Ecuador's highest point
Ecuador People in
traditional Mayan dress
Iguanas in Galapagos
Guayaquil- Ecuador's
largest city
Nave of the Compania
Cathedral in Quito- the
ceiling is gold!
Quito- Ecuador's
capital city
Las Tunas on the
Pacific Coast-
Ecuador's lowest point
Abi's Home Page
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Shipwreck on the
beach of Manta
Tapir
Train ride to Nariz del
Diablo
Read about human rights in the
Pax Gaea World Post Report!
ECUADOR
Updated 02 August 2012
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.4% (2009 est.)

37,000

2,200
Baia de Santo Antonio
on Ilha de Fernando
Noronha in the
Galapagos- Ecuador's
westernmost point
Cuy- a popular
Ecuadorian dish of
roasted guinea pig
Nueva Rocafuerte-
Ecuador's easternmost
point on the border
with Peru
Rio Chinchipe-
Ecuador's
southernmost point on
the border with Peru
San Lorenzo on the
Bay of Sardines-
Peru's northernmost
point on the border
with Colombia
Santa Elena
Peninsula- Ecuador's
westernmost mainland
point on the Pacific
Ocean
Topiary at a cemetery
in Tulcan- a major
attraction of this
Ecuadorian city on the
border with Colombia
Village on the Rio
Napo near the Amazon
confluence