Arab Republic of Egypt is located in the north of the African Continent, with a population of 83,688,164, making it the
15th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is
Cairo with a total population of 6,760,000. The country
encompasses 1,001,450 square kilometers making it the 30th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with
the Mediterranean Sea, The Gaza Strip, Israel, Gulf of Suez, Red Sea, Sudan and Libya.

President Mohammed Mursi is the Chief of State and achieved that status through popular vote and  holds that
position for four years. Vice President Mahmoud Mekki was appointed by the president. Prime Minister Hisham
Qandil is recognized as Head of Government and achieved that status through appointment by the president when the
prime minister of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces was asked to resign. President Mohamed Hosni Mubarak
resigned on 11 February 2011 following 14 days of mass protests on the streets of Egypt calling for his ouster after
31 years of rule. On 29 January 2011, Mubarak had appointed Omar Suleiman as Vice President, a post which has
remained unfilled since Mubarak was elevated to president following the assassination of  President Anwar Sadat on 6
October, 1981. Following Mubarak's resignation, The Higher Military Council dismissed the cabinet and dissolved
parliament declaring they would be establishing an interim government in conjunction with the Supreme Constitutional
Court. Though elections were held for a new parliament, the Supreme Court on 14 June 2012 dissolved the People's
Assembly; lawsuit to dissolve the Advisory Council is pending however president Mohammed Mursi declared that he
was setting aside the decision of the military, and ordering the legislature to reconvene on July 8.
Due to disagreement
arising from the Draft Constitution Vice President Mekki resigned 22 December 2012 but his resignation was not
accepted by Mursi.
Its form of government is a republic and they celebrate the creation of their constitution passed by
a contentious constituent assembly where much of the secular delegation walked out refusing to participate in the
passage of a constitution considered not to be a secular document due to the role in which Sharia law has been
inscribed. It's passage was validated in two rounds of public referendum and enacted on 26 December 2012.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Arabic, with English and French widely spoken by the educated
class. It counts among its major religions Muslim, Coptic and other Christian. As sources of mass communication it
has 42 AM, 14 FM, 3 Short Wave and 98 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Mount Catherine, its highest point at 2,629 meters and Qattara Depression, its lowest
point at –133 meters. Its principal waterways are the Nile River, Lake Nasser, Alexandria-Cairo Waterway, and
numerous smaller canals in the delta; Suez Canal (193.5 km including approaches) navigable by oceangoing vessels
drawing up to 17.68 m (2005) all measuring 3,560 kilometers.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are textiles, food processing, tourism,
chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals and light manufacturing. Its official
currency is Egyptian Pound.

Here’s something you may not know about Egypt. Ancient Egyptian coffins had an eye painted on the side.
Supposedly the eye was used for the mummy inside to peer out!
Alexandria on the
Mediterranean Sea-
old and new
Fort Qaitbay at
Deir Al Medina
Nile Valley view from
King Tut's Tomb
Lake Nasser on  
Egypt's border with
Saint Catherine's
Monastery at Mount
Catherine- Egypt's
highest point
Qattara Depression-
Egypt's lowest point
Libyan Desert
Abi's Home Page
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Nile River
Suez Canal linking the
Red Sea to the
Mediterranean Sea
Western Desert
Updated 26 December 2012
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
Less than 0.1%

11,000 (2009 est.)

less than 500
Read about human rights in Pax
Gaea World Post Report!
Cairo- Egypt's capital
and largest city
Taba on the Gulf of
Aqaba and the
Egypt/Israel border
Kufta Kebab- an
Egyptian dish of
skewered lamb and
Sharm al-Sheikh on
the tip of the Sinai
Egypt/Libya border
marker in the middle of
Egyptian woman in
traditional Bedouin
Gebel Elba Mountains
on the Egyptian border
with Sudan
As Sallum- Egypt's
northernmost point on
the border with Libya
Gebel-Elba Mountains-
Egypt's southernmost
point on the border
with Sudan
Lake Siwa- Egypt's
westernmost point on
the border with Libya
Ras Banas- Egypt's
easternmost point on
the Red Sea
Sinai Peninsula near
the border with Israel