Republic of Equatorial Guinea is located on both an island and the mainland in the west of the African Continent, with a
population of 704,001, making it the 166th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is
Malabo, located on Isla
de Bioko, with a total population of 187,302. The country encompasses 28,051 square kilometers making it the 14
largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with Cameroon, Gabon, the Bight of Biafra and the Atlantic Ocean.

President Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Teodoro Obiang Nguema is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through
popular vote (though he attained power through a military coup and elections since have been considered fraudulent by the
international community) and holds that position for seven years with no term limits.  Prime Minister Vicente Ehate T
omi is
recognized as the Head of Government and achieves that status through appointment by the president and holds that
position seven years. Its form of government is a republic and they celebrate the creation of their constitution in January

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Spanish, French, Fang and Bubi. It counts among its major religions
Christian, Roman Catholic and indigenous Pagan faiths. As sources of mass communication it has 3 FM, 5 Short Wave and
1 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Pico Basile, its highest point at 3,008 meters and the Atlantic Ocean, its lowest point at 0
meters. Its principal waterway is the Bight of Biafra, which measures 200 kilometers of coastline.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are petroleum, fishing, saw milling and
natural gas. Its official currency is Communaute Financiere Africaine franc.

Here’s something you may not know about Equatorial Guinea. Despite the country's economic windfall from oil production
resulting in a massive increase in government revenue in recent years, there have been few improvements in the
population's living standards.
Children of the Bubi
tribe in traditional dress
Rio Muni River Basin
Malabo coastline on
the Atlantic Ocean-
Equatorial Guinea's
lowest point and
Cogo on the Gabon/
Equatorial Guinea
Model of Oyala- the
new capital of
Equatorial Guinea
Malabo- Equatorial
Guinea's capital and
largest city
Unknown shipwreck off
the coast of Mbini
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Updated 27 March 2013
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
5% (2009 est.)


less than 1,000
Batna on the Bight of
Isla de Annobon off
Equatorial Guinea's
southern coast
Coffee tree in Ebebiyin
on the
Guinea border
Pico Basile- Equatorial
Guinea's highest point
Elephant on Isla de
Equatorial Guinean
woman in traditional
Some Fang tribe kids
Banta- Palm Nut Soup
and a traditional dish
of Equatorial Guinea
Caldera de San Carlos
on Bioko Island-
Equatorial Guinea's
westernmost point
Cogo- Equatorial
Guinea's southernmost
mainland town on the
border with Gabon
Corsico Island in the
Bight of Biafra
Mongomo- Equatorial
Guinea's easternmost
city on the border with
Punta Epote-
Equatorial Guinea's
northernmost point on
the border with
Punta Europa on Bioko
Island- Equatorial
Guinea's northernmost
Seminaria de Niefang-
Equatorial Guinea's
northeast point on the
border with Cameroon
and Gabon
Waterfall near Moka
Read about human rights in Pax
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Isla da Annobon-
Equatorial Guinea's
southern and
westernmost most
point south of Sao
Tome and west of