State of Eritrea is located in the east of the African Continent, with a population of 6,086,495, making it the 107th largest
national population. Its capital and largest city is
Asmara with a total population of 649,000. The country encompasses
117,600 square kilometers making it the 10
1st largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with Sudan, the Red Sea,
Djibouti and Ethiopia.

President Isaias Afworki is recognized as the Chief of State and Head of Government and achieves that status through election
by the National Assembly and holds that position for five years. Its form of government is a transitional government and they
celebrate the creation of their constitution on 19th of May 1993.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Afar, Arabic, Tigre, Kunama, Tigrinya and other Cushtic tongues. It counts
among its major religions Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic and Protestant. As sources of mass communication it has
2 AM, 2 Short Wave and 2 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Soira, its highest point at 3,018 meters and near Kulul within the Denakil Depression, its
lowest point at -75 meters. Its principal waterway is Red Sea, which measures 2,234 kilometers of coastline.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are food processing, beverages, clothing and
textiles, light manufacturing, salt and cement. Its official currency is Eritrean Nakfa.

Here’s something you may not know about Eritrea. Located at a strategic geopolitical position along the world's busiest
shipping lanes, Eritrea retained the entire coastline of Ethiopia along the Red Sea upon de jure independence from Ethiopia on
24 May 1993.
Asmara- Eritrea's
capital and largest city
Kulul in the Denakil
Depression- Eritrea's
lowest point
Baobab tree just
outside of Keren
Elephant in Semenawi
Bahri National Park
Eritrean man in
traditional church
A piece of the
breathtaking beaches  
of Eritrea near Assab
The Eritrean Coffee
Bombed war jeep on
one of the islands in
Eritrea's  Dahlak
Eritrean railroad bridge
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Updated 12 February 2013
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.8% (2009 est.)


Eritrean traditional
food- zigni (meat with
chile peppers),  injera
(flat bread), hilbet (fava
bean and lentil paste)
and shiro (pea soup)
Soira- Eritrea's high
point towering above
the village of Nakfa
Mountains above
Debre Bizen Monastery
Nacfa in Sahil-
Eritrea's northernmost
point om the border
with Sudan
Om Hajer- Eritrea's
westernmost point on
the border with Ethiopia
Resort in Massawa on
the Red Sea
Salt Pans at Assab-
Eritrea's southernmost
point on the border
with Djibouti
Seil Island in the
Dahlak Archipelago-
Eritrea's easternmost
Read about human rights in Pax
World Post Report!
Hamish Islands- a
disputed chain in the
Red Sea split with
Keren- Eritrea's
second largest city
Tio- along Eritrea's
Red Sea Coast