ETHIOPIA
Updated 26 November 2012
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is located in the east of the African Continent, with a population of
91,195,675, making it the 14th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is
Addis Ababa with a total
population of 3,384,569. The country encompasses 1,127,127 square kilometers making it the 27th largest country in
total area. It shares boundaries with Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya and Sudan.

President Girma Woldegiorgis is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through election by the
House of People’s Representatives and holds that position for six years and is eligible for a second term. Prime
Minister Hailemariam Desalegn is recognized as the Head of Government and would normally achieve that status
through designation by the party in power following legislative elections and holds that position for six years however
he was appointed acting prime minister and then later prime minister due to the death of former Prime Minister Meles.
Its form of government is a federal republic and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 22 August 1995.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Amharic, Tigrinya, Oromigna, Guaragigna, Somali, Arabic, other
local languages and English. It counts among its major religions Muslim, Ethiopian Orthodox, Animist and other
faiths. As sources of mass communication it has 8 AM, 1 Short Wave and 1 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Ras Dejen, its highest point at 4,620 meters and Denakil Depression, its lowest point
at –125 meters. Its principal waterway is the Blue Nile, which measures about 300 kilometers.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are food processing, beverages,
textiles, leather, chemicals, metals processing and cement. Its official currency is the Ethiopian Birr.

Here’s something you may not know about Ethiopia. Ethiopia is the only African Country that was never colonized.
Addia Ababa-
Ethiopia's capital and
largest city
Baboon
Blue Nile Falls on
Ethiopia's principle
waterway
Ethiopian cuisine
includes injera (flat
bread), wat (pureed
vegetables) and tibs
(fried meat)
Ethiopian girl in
traditional dress
Great Rift Valley
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Lake Rudolf
Ras Dejen- Ethiopia's
highest point
Mama and baby
elephant
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
2.1% (2007 est.)

980,000

67,000
Obelisk at Aksum-
Ethiopia's
northernmost point on
the border with Eritrea
Denakil Depression-
Ethiopia's lowest point
on the border with
Eritrea and Djibouti
Chimneys of Lake
Abhe on Ethiopia's
border with Djibouti
Geladi near Ethiopia's
easternmost point on
the border with Somalia
Moyale- Ethiopia's
southernmost point on
the border with Kenya
Ilemi Triangle-
Ethiopia's disputed
border region with
Kenya and Sudan
Gambela- Ethiopia's
westernmost point on
the border with Sudan
Read about human rights in Pax
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