Gibraltar is located in the southwest of the European Continent, with a population of 29,111, making it the 218th largest
national population. Its capital and largest city is Gibraltar with a total population of 29,111. The country encompasses 6.5
square kilometers making it the 243rd largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with Spain, Alborán Sea, the
Mediterranean Sea and the Strait of Gibraltar.
Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom is recognized as the Chief of State and, along with Heir Apparent Prince Charles,
achieves that status through heredity and holds that position for life or abdication. She is represented by Governor Vice
Admiral Sir Adrian Johns. Chief Minister Fabian Picardo is recognized as the Head of Government and achieves that status
following legislative elections when the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually
appointed Chief Minister by the Governor and holds that position four years. Its form of government is an overseas
territory of United Kingdom, and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 30th of May 1969.
The languages commonly or officially spoken are English, Spanish, Italian and Portuguese. It counts among its major
religions Roman Catholic, Church of England, other Christian, Muslim, Jewish, Hindu and other, unspecified and no faiths.
As sources of mass communication it has 1 AM, 5 FM and 1 Television stations.
Major geographical features are the Rock of Gibraltar, its highest point at 426 meters and the Mediterranean Sea, its lowest
point at 0 meters. Its principal waterways are the Alborán Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Straight of Gibraltar, Bay of Gibraltar
and Gibraltar Harbour, which measure 12 kilometers of coastline.
Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are tourism, banking and finance, ship
repairing and tobacco. Its official currency is Gibraltar Pound.
Here’s something you may not know about Gibraltar. Gibraltar was captured by the Moorish leader Tarik, crossing from
Africa into Spain in 711, and its name is derived from the Arabic, Jabal-al-Tarik (Mount of Tarik).
|The Gibraltar Point
Gibraltar- the capital
and largest city
|Sunset on the Bay of
Gibraltar from Gibraltar
to Algeciras, Spain
Updated 24 March 2013
|Adult Prevalence Rate:
People Living with HIV/AIDS:
|Rock of Gibraltar-
point on the
|Unknown wreckage in
the Bay of Gibraltar
|Straight of Gibraltar-
Gibraltar's lowest point
|Calentita- a chickpea
flour snack and
Gibraltar's national dish
|Great Europa Point-
easternmost point on
the Abrocan Sea
westernmost point on
northernmost point on
the border with Spain
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