Overseas Department of Guadeloupe, a department of France, is located in the Caribbean Sea of the North American
continent, with a population of 405,500, making it the 169th largest national population; however, its population is formally
counted with France. Its capital is Basse-Terre and its largest city is Pointe-à-Pitre with a total population of 17,541. The
country encompasses 1,628 square kilometers making it the 179th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with
the Caribbean Sea.
President Francois Hollande of France is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through popular vote and
holds that position for five years. He is represented by Prefect Marcelle Pierrot on the advice of the French Ministry of the
Interior. President of the Regional Council Josette Borel-Lincertin and President of the General Council Jacques Gillot are
recognized as the Heads of Government and achieve that status through election by membership of their respective councils
and holds those positions for six years. Its form of government is an overseas department of the French Republic and they
celebrate the creation of their constitution on 28th of September 1958.
The languages commonly or officially spoken are French, Creole Patois and English. It counts among its major religions
Roman Catholic, Protestant, Hindu, African beliefs and Jehovah’s witnesses. As sources of mass communication it has 1
radio station and 4 television stations.
Major geographical features are La Soufriere Volcano, its highest point at 1467 meters and Caribbean Sea, its lowest point
at 0 meters. Its principal waterway is the Caribbean Sea, which measures approximately 500 kilometers of coastline.
Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are tourism, agriculture, light industry,
sugar, rum and solar energy. Its official currency is the Euro.
Here’s something you may not know about Guadeloupe. Guadeloupe has always had a rich literary production prolonged
today by many living writers, poets, novelists, essayists and journalists, among them Maryse Condé, Ernest Pépin and
|Troisi me Chute du
|Bouefus- a cow
|Guadeloupean girl in a
|Windmill at the rum
distillery in Santa Anna
Updated 11 February 2013
|Adult Prevalence Rate:
People Living with HIV/AIDS:
|The ruins of Habitation
Basse-Terre Island on
the Caribbean Sea -
and westernmost point
|La Soufriere Volcano-
Marin off the
|La Desirade Island-
dish of lobsters
|Pointe de la Grande
northernmost point on
the southernmost point
of Basse-Terre Island
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