Republic of Burundi
Republique du Burundi/Republika y'u Burundi
Joined United Nations:  18 September 1962
Human Rights as assured by their constitution
Updated 01 April 2013

Article 19
The rights and duties proclaimed and guaranteed by, inter alia, the Declaration Universal Human Rights, the International Covenants on the
Rights of Man, the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination
against Women and Convention on the Rights of the Child are an integral part of the Constitution of the Republic of Burundi.
These fundamental rights are not subject to any restriction or derogation, except under certain circumstances justifiable by the general
interest or the protection of a fundamental right.

Article 20
All citizens have rights and obligations.

Article 21
Human dignity is respected and protected. Any affront to human dignity is punishable under the Penal Code.

Article 22
All citizens are equal before the law, which ensures equal protection.
No one shall be discriminated against mainly because of its origin, its race, ethnicity, sex, colour, language, its location social, religious
beliefs, philosophical or political or because a physical or mental disability or being a carrier of HIV / AIDS.

Article 23
No one will be treated in an arbitrary manner by the State or its organs.

Article 24
Every woman, every man has the right to life.

Article 25
Every woman, every man has the right to freedom of person, including physical and mental integrity and freedom of movement. No one
will be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading.

Article 26
No one will be held in slavery or servitude. Slavery and Trafficking
slaves are prohibited in all their forms.

Article 27
The State shall as far as possible that all citizens have the means to carry out an existence in human dignity.

Article 28
Every woman, every man has the right to respect for his privacy and his life family, his home and his personal communications.

Article 29
The freedom to marry is guaranteed, as well as the right to choose his or her partner. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and
full consent of the intending spouses.
The marriage between two people of same sex is prohibited.

Article 30
The family is the basic nature of society. Marriage is the support legitimate. The family and marriage are placed under the protection
by the State.
Parents have a natural right and duty to educate and raise their children. They are supported in this task by the State and public authorities.
Every child has the right, from his family, society and state, the special protection measures required by his status as a minor.

Article 31
Freedom of expression is guaranteed. The State respects freedom of religion, thought, conscience and opinion.

Article 32
Freedom of assembly and association is guaranteed, as well as the right to based associations or organizations in accordance with the law.

Article 33
All citizens of Burundi have the right to move and settle freely anywhere on national territory and to leave and return.

Article 34
No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change it.

Article 35
The State shall ensure the proper management and rational exploitation of resources Natural country, while preserving the environment
and conservation of these resources for generations to come.

Article 36
Everyone has the right to property.
No one shall be deprived of his property for public use in cases and the manner established by law and with just prior allowance or
execution of a court decision casting become judicata.

Article 37
The right to form trade unions and join and the right to strike, are recognized. The law may regulate the exercise of these rights and
prohibit certain categories of people to strike.
In all cases, these rights are forbidden to members of the defence and Security and the magistrates.

Article 38
Everyone has the right to a judicial or administrative process, that fair hearing and to be tried within a reasonable time.

Article 39
No one shall be deprived of his liberty, except in accordance with the law.
No one can be accused, arrested, detained or tried in the cases determined by law enacted prior to the facts which he is accused.
The right of defence is guaranteed to all jurisdictions.
No one can be distracted, against his will, finds that the law assigns.

Article 40
Any person charged with a crime is presumed innocent until that his guilt has been legally established during a public trial during where all
the guarantees necessary for his defence free him have been guaranteed.

Article 41
No person shall be convicted for acts or omissions that, when they been committed, did not constitute an offence.
Similarly, there can be inflicted punishment stronger than the one that was applicable when the offence was committed.

Article 42
No one shall be subjected to security measures in the cases and forms specified by law in particular for reasons of public order or national
security the State.

Article 43
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks on his honour and
It can be ordered searches or home visits as in forms and conditions provided by law.
The secrecy of correspondence and communication is guaranteed in compliance forms and conditions fixed by law.

Article 44
Every child has the right to special measures to maintain or improve care for their welfare, their health and their physical safety and be
protected against ill-treatment, abuse or exploitation.

Article 45
No child can not be used directly in armed conflict. The protection children is ensured in armed conflict.

Article 46
No child may be detained only as a last resort, in which case the duration his detention will be as short as possible.
Every child has the right to be separated from inmates over 16 years and to subject to treatment and prison conditions suit his age.

Article 47
Any restriction of a fundamental right must be based on a legal basis, but must be justified by the general interest or the protection of a
fundamental right for others it must be proportionate to the aim pursued.

Article 48
Fundamental rights must be respected throughout the order legal, administrative and institutional. The Constitution is the supreme law. The
legislative, executive and the judiciary must enforce. Any law not consistent with the Constitution is void.

Article 49
No citizen may be forced into exile.

Article 50
The right to asylum is recognized under the conditions defined by law.
Extradition is permitted only within the limits prescribed by law.
No Burundians can not be extradited abroad unless it is pursued by a international criminal court for genocide, war crimes or other crimes
against humanity.

Article 51
While Burundi has the right to participate, either directly or indirectly by its representatives, management and administration of State
affairs in reserve legal conditions, including age and capacity.
While Burundi has the right of equal access to public service in his country.

Article 52
Anyone is entitled to obtain satisfaction on Economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and free development of his
person, through national effort and taking into account the country's resources.

Article 53
Every citizen has the right to equal access to education, education and culture.
The State has the duty to organize public education and to promote access.
However, the right to establish private schools is guaranteed under conditions set by law.

Article 54
The State grants all citizens the right to work and tries to create conditions which make the enjoyment of this right effective. It recognizes
the right of everyone to the enjoyment of working conditions and fair and satisfactory guarantees the worker fair compensation for its
services or its production.

Article 55
Any person has the right to access to health care.

Article 56
The State has an obligation to promote the development of the country, especially rural development.

Article 57
A competency equal, everyone has the right, without any discrimination, a equal pay for equal work.

Article 58
Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of
which he is the author.

Article 59
Any foreigner who is on the territory of the Republic enjoys the protection granted to persons and property under this Constitution and
A foreigner prosecuted for the crime of genocide, crimes against humanity or crime war can be extradited.

Article 60
The judiciary, the guardian of rights and public freedoms, provides Respect for these rights and freedoms as provided by law.

Article 61
No one can abuse the rights recognized by the Constitution or the law for jeopardize national unity, peace, democracy, independence
Burundi, undermine the secular government or violate any other way this Constitution.

Article 62
Everyone has the duty to respect his compatriots and their testify the account, without any discrimination.

Article 63
Every citizen has duties towards the family and society, the State and other public authorities.

Article 64
Each of Burundi has the duty to preserve and strengthen national unity in accordance with the Charter of National Unity.

Article 65
Everyone is obliged to respect the laws and institutions of the Republic.

Article 66
Each of Burundi has the duty to preserve the harmonious development of Family and d '| work for the cohesion and respect of the family,
meet at any time his parents to feed them and assist them in case of necessity.

Article 67
Each individual has the duty to respect and consider his fellow without any discrimination, and maintain relations with him that can
promote, protect and enhance respect and tolerance.

Article 68
Each of Burundi must ensure, in its relations with society, the preservation and strengthening of cultural values and contribute Burundi
the establishment of a morally healthy society.

Article 69
The public property is sacred and inviolable. Everyone is obliged to scrupulously respect and protect them. Each has the Burundians
duty to defend the heritage of the nation.
Any act of sabotage, vandalism, corruption, embezzlement, dilapidation, or any other act which harms the public good is suppressed in
the conditions provided by law.

Article 70
All citizens are obliged to fulfil their civic obligations and defend the homeland.
Everyone has the duty to work for the common good and meet its professional obligations.
All citizens are equal before the public. It can not be established exemption by law.
The State may declare the solidarity of all before charges resulting from Natural disasters and national.

Article 71
All of Burundi responsible for public office or elected to political office has the duty to do with conscience, honesty, dedication and
loyalty in the general interest.

Article 72
Each of Burundi has the duty to defend national independence and integrity territory.
Every citizen has the sacred duty to monitor and participate in his defense homeland.
All of Burundi, any foreigner who is on the territory of the Republic of Burundi has the duty not to undermine state security.

Article 73
Everyone has a duty to contribute to safeguarding peace and democracy and social justice.

Article 74
While Burundi has the duty to contribute by his work at the construction and the prosperity of the country.
There are two main founding legends for Burundi. The one most promoted today tells a tale
of a Rwandan named Cambarantama founding the nation. The other version, more common
in pre-colonial Burundi, says that Cambarantama came from the southern state of Buha.  
First evidence of civilization dates to the 16th Century CE  growing into an expanding
Kingdom over the next century.  First contact by Europeans dates back to 1856 and
colonization began when Burundi became a part of German East Africa in 1899. In 1916
Belgian troops conquered the area during the First World War. In 1923, the League of
Nations mandated to Belgium the territory of Ruanda-Urundi, encompassing modern-day
Rwanda and Burundi, but stripping the western kingdoms and giving them to British
administered Tanganyika. Following World War II, Ruanda-Urundi became a United Nations
Trust Territory under Belgian administrative authority.  Full independence was achieved on 1
July, 1962 as a constitutional monarchy.  In 1966, King Mwambutsa IV was deposed by his
son, Prince Ntare V, who himself was deposed by his prime minister Capt. Michel Micombero
in the same year. He abolished the monarchy and declared a republic.  Civil unrest, coups,
genocide and mass killing have plagued Burundi for decades radiating from ongoing
conflict between Tutsis and Hutus. The present constitution was adopted on 28 February
2005.  Human rights are enumerated beginning with Title I (The State and Sovereignty of the
People), conform with  the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights of which Burundi is
a signatory and are detailed below.  There is no formal English translation but for the original
French text of Burundi's Constitution, click
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