Central African Republic
Republique Centrafricaine
Joined United Nations:  20 September 1960
Human Rights as assured by their constitution
Updated 24 March 2013

Art. 1
: The human person is sacred and inviolable. All agents
public authority, any organization, have an absolute obligation to
respect and protect.

The Republic recognizes the existence of human rights as a basis for every community, of peace and justice in the world.

Art. 2
: The Republic proclaims the respect and guarantee intangible development
Everyone has the right to free development of his personality insofar as he does
not violate the rights of others, or violate the
constitutional order.

Art. 3
Everyone has the right to life and bodily integrity. It can not be harmed
those rights pursuant to a law.
No one shall be subjected to torture, rape or abuse or treatment in cruel, inhuman, degrading or humiliating. Any individual or agent of the
State, any
organization who is guilty of such acts, shall be punished according to law.
No one may be arbitrarily arrested or detained. Every defendant is presumed innocent until his guilt is established following a procedure to
offering the guarantees necessary for his defense. The statutory period of detention must
be respected.

No one shall be condemned if it is only under a law in force before the act.
The rights of the defense are practiced freely in all courts and government of the Republic.
Any person subject to a deprivation of liberty has the right to be examined and treated by a doctor of his choice.

Art. 4
: The freedom of the person is inviolable.
The freedom to come and go, residence and establishment throughout the entire
the Territory are guaranteed to all under conditions laid
down by law.

Art. 5
All human beings are equal before the law without distinction of race,
ethnicity, region, sex, religion, political affiliation and social position.
The law guarantees the rights and women equal rights in all areas. There is no subject in the Central African Republic or place of privilege
birth, person or family.

No one can be forced into exile.
No one shall be subjected to arrest or deportation, if
is that under the current legislation.

Art. 6
: Marriage and family are the natural and moral basis of the
human community. They are under the protection of the State.
The State and other public bodies have collectively the duty to ensure
the physical and mental health of the family and encourage socially
appropriate institutions.
The protection of women and children against violence and insecurity,
exploitation and neglect, mental and physical is an obligation for the
and other public authorities. This protection is provided by measurements and appropriate institutions of the State and other public
Parents have the natural right and duty essential to raise and educate
their children to develop their good physical, intellectual and moral.
They are supported in this task by the State and other
public authorities.
Children born out of wedlock have the same rights to public assistance
as legitimate children.
Natural children, legally recognized, have the same rights as
legitimate children.
The State and other public bodies have a duty to create conditions
precedent and public institutions which guarantee the education of

Art. 7
Everyone has the right of access to sources of knowledge. The State guarantees the child and
to adult access to education, culture and
Must be provided to the education and instruction of youth by
public or private institutions.
Private institutions may be
opened with the permission of the State, under the conditions set by law. They are placed under the control of
the State.
Parents have an obligation to provide education and training of their
children under the age of sixteen (16) years.
The State and other public authorities have an obligation to create and ensure
the proper functioning of public institutions for education
and training of
Education is free in public schools for various levels

Art. 8
: Freedom of conscience, of assembly, freedom of worship is guaranteed
all the conditions laid down by law.
Any form of religious fundamentalism and intolerance is prohibited.

: The Republic guarantees every citizen the right to work in an environment
healthy, rest and recreation in compliance with the
requirements of the development
national. It ensures favorable conditions for its development by an efficient policy of employment.
All citizens are equal before use. No one may be prejudiced in his
work or employment because of his origins, sex, opinion or beliefs.
Every worker participates in the
intermediate its representatives, the determination of working conditions.
Laws lay down the conditions for assistance and protection granted to
workers, especially the young, the elderly, the disabled and those
who have health problems due to their working conditions.

Art. 10
: The right to organize is guaranteed and freely exercised within the framework of laws
All workers may join unions of their choice and defend their rights and
interests through trade union action.
The right to strike is guaranteed and exercised within the laws that govern
and can not, under any circumstances, infringe neither the
freedom to work, or the free exercise
of ownership.

Art. 11
: Free enterprise is guaranteed under the laws and regulations

All citizens have the right to free association,
groups, companies and institutions of public utility, subject to comply with laws and
Associations, groups, companies and institutions whose activities
are contrary to public order and the unity and cohesion of the people
CAR is prohibited.

Art. 13
: The freedom to inform, to express and disseminate his opinions in speech,
pen and image, subject to compliance with the rights of
others is guaranteed.
The secrecy of correspondence as well as postal communications,
electronic, telegraph and telephone are inviolable.
It can be ordered with restriction above that
application of a law.
Freedom of the press is recognized and guaranteed. It operates in the
conditions laid down by law.
The exercise of this freedom and equal access for all to the state media are
provided by an independent body with regulatory power and
whose status is set by law.
Freedom of intellectual, artistic and cultural recognition and
warranty. It is exercised under the conditions laid down by law.

Art. 14
: Any natural or legal person is entitled to the property. No one may be
deprived of his possessions except in the public interest legally
and under the condition of a just and prior compensation.
The home is inviolable. There can not be encroached upon by the judge and, if
there is danger in delay, by other authorities designated by
law, required to
run in the forms prescribed by it.
Measures infringing the inviolability of the home or restricting
will be taken to avert a danger to the public or to protect persons in danger.
These measures may be taken under the law to protect the public
against imminent threats, including the fight against the risks epidemic,
fire or protect those in danger.
The property and assets of people and the heritage of the Nation
shall be inviolable. The State and local authorities as well as all citizens
must protect them.

All citizens are equal before the public offices including
to tax only the law may, under the conditions laid down by the this Constitution,
to create and distribute. They support in solidarity, the
expenses resulting from natural disasters or endemic diseases, or incurable

: The defense of the homeland is a duty for every citizen.
Military service is compulsory. It is exercised under the conditions laid down by the

: Everyone victim of violations of articles 1st
to 15 this title shall be entitled to compensation.
Any person living in the country has a duty to abide by
all circumstances, the Constitution, the laws and regulations of the Republic.
The Central African Republic is believed to have been settled from at least the 7th century on
by overlapping empires, including the Kanem-Bornu, Ouaddai, Baguirmi, and Dafour groups
based around Lake Chad region and along Upper Nile. Later, various sultanates claimed
present-day C.A.R, using the entire Oubangui region as a slave reservoir, from which slaves
were traded north across the Sahara. Population migration in the 18th and 19th centuries
brought new migrants into the area, including the Zande, Banda, and Baya-Mandjia.  
Europeans arrived in 1885 with the French consolidating the region as part of their Congo
claim declaring it a French Territory in 1894. Following world War II, the French constitution
underwent a number of amendments intent on decolonization of western and equatorial
Africa.  On September 1958, a French referendum dissolved the Federation of French
Equatorial Africa (A.E.F.) On 1 December  of the same year the Assembly declared the birth of
the Central African Republic, promulgated a Constitution in 1959  and a Declaration of
Independence on 13 August 1960. On 4 December, 1976, the republic became a monarchy --
the Central African Empire -- with the promulgation of the imperial constitution and the
proclamation of the president as Emperor Bokassa I.  A coup on 20 September 1979 restored
the republic and promulgated a new constitution. The present constitution was promulgated
on 27 December 2004. Human rights are enumerated beginning with Title I (F
Basis of Society
) and conform with  the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights of
which Central African Republic is a signatory.  
On 24 March 2013, a coup deposed Francois
Bozize and the Constitution was suspended indefinitely. A full English translation is not
available however f
or am original French version of Central African Republic's Constitution,
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