DJIBOUTI
Republic of Djibouti
Republique de Djibouti/Jumhuriyat Jibuti
Joined United Nations:  20 September 1977
Human Rights as assured by their constitution
Updated 03 April 2013
TITLE II: RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF THE PERSON

Article 10
The person is sacred. The state shall have the obligation to respect and protect it. All human beings shall be equal before the law. Every
individual shall have the right to life, liberty, security and the integrity of his person. No one may be prosecuted, arrested, accused or
convicted other than by virtue of a law promulgated prior to the actions of which he is accused. All accused persons shall be deemed
innocent until proved guilty by the competent jurisdiction. The right to defence, including the right to legal assistance of one's own
choosing, shall be guaranteed at all stages of proceedings. Anyone who is deprived of his liberty shall have the right to be examined by a
doctor of his own choosing. No on may be detained in a penal establishment other than by order of a magistrate member of the judiciary.

Article 11
Everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience, religion, worship and opinion in conformity with the order established by
law and the regulations.

Article 12
The right to property is guaranteed by the present Constitution. It may not be impaired except in the case of public necessity legally
established and subject to the prior payment of just compensation. The home shall be inviolable. It may be subjected to domiciliary visit or
house search only in the manner and under the conditions prescribed by law. Measures impairing or restricting the inviolability of the
home may be taken only to provide against a common danger or to protect persons in danger of death.

Article 13
The secrecy of correspondence and all other means of communication shall be inviolable. This inviolability shall be subject only to such
restrictions as are made applicable by law.

Article 14
All citizens of the Republic shall have the right freely to move and settle anywhere within the territory of the Republic. This right may not
be limited except by law. No preventive measure shall be taken against any person except in the cases provided by law.

Article 15
Everyone shall have the right freely to express and disseminate his opinions by word, pen, or image. These rights shall be subject to the
provisions of the law as well as to respect for the honour of other persons. All citizens shall have the right freely to constitute associations
and trade unions, subject to compliance with the formalities required by the laws and regulations. The right to strike shall be recognised. It
shall be exercised within the limits of the laws which are applicable thereto. In no case may the freedom to work be impaired.

Article 16
No on shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman, cruel, degrading or humiliating treatment or punishment. Any individual, agent of the
state or public authority guilty of such acts, whether independently or on instructions, shall be punished in accordance with the law.

Article 17
The defence of the nation and of the integrity of the Republic shall be a sacred duty for all Djiboutian citizens.

Article 18
An alien lawfully in the national territory shall enjoy the protection of the law in respect of his person and his property.

Article 19
The state shall protect the lawful rights and interests of Djiboutian citizens abroad.
Djibouti became part of an expanded French Protectorate during 1884 and 1885 as French
Somaliland with its boundaries formally marked out in 1897. A measure of self-government
was obtained on  22 July 1957. An independence movement continued throughout the 50's
and 60's however a March 1967 referendum showed that 60% wished to retain its
association with France. In July of 1967, France renamed the French Territory of the Afars
and Issas.  Demands continued for independence and On 27  June 1977, The Constitution of
the Republic of Djibouti was adopted by referendum. A civil war broke out between the
government and a rebel faction comprised primarily f members of the Afar tribe. As part of
the peace accord the constitution was revised, dropping the one-party system that led
contributed to the friction and a new constitution was adopted on 4 September 1992 in
accordance with standards set forth by the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights as
is required for admission consideration in the United Nations.  The following is the extract of
those amendments specifically pertaining to human rights.  For an English summary
translation of  Djibouti's constitution, click
here.
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