Joined United Nations: 17 September 1974
Human Rights as assured by their constitution
Updated 21 February 2013
109,011 (July 2012 est.)
Elizabeth II of United Kingdom
Queen since 6 February 1952
The monarch is hereditary and holds that position for life or until
abdication. The Governor General is selected by the Queen.
Next scheduled election: None
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Keith Claudius Mitchell
Prime Minister since 20 February 2013
Following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or
leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister
by the governor general; last election held 19 February 2013
Next scheduled election: 2018
|DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
Black 82%, mixed black and European 13%, European and East Indian 5%, and trace of Arawak/Carib Amerindian
Roman Catholic 53%, Anglican 13.8%, other Protestant 33.2%
Parliamentary democracy with 6 parishes and 1 dependency. Legal system is based English common law
Executive: Monarch represented by Governor General; Prime Minister is typical the leader of the majority party or
coalition appointed by the governor general
Legislative: bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (a 13-member body, 10 appointed by the government and 3 by
the leader of the opposition) and the House of Representatives (15 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve
elections: last held on 19 February 2013 (next to be held by November 2018)
Judicial: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court, consisting of a court of Appeal and a High Court of Justice (a High Court
judge is assigned to and resides in Grenada)
English (official), French patois
Before the arrival of Europeans, Grenada was inhabited by Carib Indians who had driven the more peaceful Arawaks
from the island. Columbus landed on Grenada in 1498 during his third voyage to the new world. He named the island
"Concepcion." The origin of the name "Grenada" is obscure, but it is likely that Spanish sailors renamed the island for the
city of Granada. By the beginning of the 18th century, the name "Grenada," or "la Grenade" in French, was in common
use. Partly because of the Caribs, Grenada remained uncolonized for more than one hundred years after its discovery;
early English efforts to settle the island were unsuccessful. In 1650, a French company founded by Cardinal Richelieu
purchased Grenada from the English and established a small settlement. After several skirmishes with the Caribs, the
French brought in reinforcements from Martinique and defeated the Caribs, the last of whom leapt into the sea rather than
surrender. The island remained under French control until its capture by the British in 1762, during the Seven Years'
War. Grenada was formally ceded to the Kingdom of Great Britain by the Treaty of Paris (1763). Although the French
regained control during the American War of Independence , winning the Battle of Grenada in July 1779, the island was
restored to Britain with the Treaty of Versailles (1783). Although Britain was hard pressed to overcome a pro-French
revolt in 1795, Grenada remained British for the remainder of the colonial period. During the 18th century, Grenada's
economy underwent an important transition. Like much of the rest of the West Indies, it was originally settled to cultivate
sugar, which was grown on estates using slave labor. But natural disasters paved the way for the introduction of other
crops. In 1782, Sir Joseph Banks, the botanical adviser to King George III, introduced nutmeg to Grenada. The island's
soil was ideal for growing the spice and because Grenada was a closer source of spices for Europe than the Dutch East
Indies, the island assumed a new importance to European traders. The collapse of the sugar estates and the introduction
of nutmeg and cacao encouraged the development of smaller land holdings, and the island developed a land-owning
yeoman farmer class. Slavery was outlawed in 1834. In 1833, Grenada became part of the British Windward Islands
Administration. The governor of the Windward Islands administered the island for the rest of the colonial period. In 1958,
the Windward Islands Administration was dissolved, and Grenada joined the Federation of the West Indies. After that
federation collapsed in 1962, the British Government tried to form a small federation out of its remaining dependencies in
the Eastern Caribbean. Following the failure of this second effort, the British and the islanders developed the concept of
"associated statehood". Under the Associated Statehood Act in 1967 Grenada was granted full autonomy over its internal
affairs in March of that year. Full independence was granted on February 7, 1974. In October 1983, a power struggle
within the government resulted in the arrest of Bishop at the order of his Deputy Prime Minister, Bernard Coard. After a
breakdown in civil order, in which Coard's forces executed Bishop and members of his cabinet, a U.S.-Caribbean force
landed on Grenada on October 25, 1983 in an action called Operation Urgent Fury. This action was taken in response to
an appeal obtained from the governor general and to a request for assistance from the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean
States, without consulting the island's head of state, Queen Elizabeth II.After the invasion, United States gave $48.4
million in economic assistance to Grenada in 1984. In 2000-2002 much of the controversy of the late 1970s and early
1980s was once again brought into the public consciousness with the opening of the truth and reconciliation commission.
On September 7, 2004, Grenada was hit directly by category four Hurricane Ivan. The hurricane destroyed about 85%
of the structures on the island, including the prison and the prime minister's residence, killed thirty nine people, and
destroyed most of the nutmeg crop, Grenada's main economic mainstay. Grenada's economy was set back several years
by Hurricane Ivan's impact. Hurricane Emily ravaged the island's north end in June 2005. The 2008 election was won by
the National Democratic Congress under Tillman Thomas with 11 of the 15 seats. In 2009 Point Salines International
Airport was renamed Maurice Bishop International Airport in tribute to the former Prime Minister. On 19 February 2013,
general elections were conducted. The result was a victory for the opposition New National Party, which won all 15
seats. Former Prime Minister Keith Mitchell was sworn in on 20 February 2013 as the new Prime Minister.
Source: Wikipedia History of Grenada
Grenada relies on tourism as its main source of foreign exchange especially since the construction of an international
airport in 1985. Hurricanes Ivan (2004) and Emily (2005) severely damaged the agricultural sector - particularly
nutmeg and cocoa cultivation - which had been a key driver of economic growth. Grenada has rebounded from the
devastating effects of the hurricanes but is now saddled with the debt burden from the rebuilding process. Public
debt-to-GDP is nearly 110%, leaving the THOMAS administration limited room to engage in public investments and
social spending. Strong performances in construction and manufacturing, together with the development of tourism and
an offshore financial industry, have also contributed to growth in national output; however, economic growth remained
stagnant in 2010-11 after a sizeable contraction in 2009, because of the global economic slowdown's effects on
tourism and remittances.
Source: CIA World Factbook (select Grenada)
Politics of Grenada takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic monarchy, whereby the
Prime Minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Grenada is an independent country and
Commonwealth Realm. It is a parliamentary democracy whose political and legal traditions closely follow those of the
United Kingdom. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government
and parliament. Constitutional safeguards include freedom of speech, press, worship, movement, and association.
Grenada is a member of the eastern Caribbean court system. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the
legislature. Jurisprudence is based on English common law. Grenada is governed under a parliamentary system based
on the British model; it has a governor general, a prime minister and a cabinet, and a bicameral Parliament with an
elected House of Representatives and an appointed Senate.
Citizens enjoy a wide range of civil and political rights guaranteed by the constitution. Grenada's constitution provides
citizens with the right to change their government peacefully. Citizens exercise this right through periodic, free, and fair
elections held on the basis of universal suffrage. At the July 2008 election the NDC won a comfortable 7 seat majority
over the government of former Prime Minister Keith Mitchell. New Prime Minister Tillman Thomas formed a
government after narrowly losing by one seat to Mitchell's NNP in the November 2003 election.
Grenada has two significant political parties, both moderate: the New National Party (conservative) and the National
Democratic Congress (liberal). Minor parties include the left-of-center Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement (MBPM,
organized by the pro-Bishop survivors of the October 1983 anti-Bishop coup) and the populist GULP of former Prime
Minister Gairy. On 19 February 2013, general elections were conducted. The result was a victory for the opposition
New National Party, which won all 15 seats. Former Prime Minister Keith Mitchell was sworn in on 20 February 2013
as the new Prime Minister.
Source: Wikipedia: Politics of Grenada
Small-scale cannabis cultivation; lesser transshipment point for marijuana and cocaine to US
|HUMAN RIGHTS STATEMENTS, ANALYSIS AND CRITIQUES
|2011 Human Rights Report: Grenada
Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor
2011 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices
May 25, 2012
Grenada is a parliamentary democracy with a bicameral legislature. In generally free and fair elections in July 2008, the National
Democratic Congress won 11 of 15 seats in Parliament, and Tillman Thomas was sworn in as prime minister. Security forces
reported to civilian authorities.
Human rights problems included allegations of corruption, violence against women, and instances of child abuse.
The government took steps to punish security force members or other officials who committed abuses, and impunity was not
perceived to be a problem.
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21 February 2012
Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women
13 February – March 2012
Concluding observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women
2. The Committee appreciates the State party for its combined initial, second, third, fourth and fifth periodic report, which generally
followed the Committee’s guidelines for the preparation of reports. However, it regrets that the report was long overdue and that the
State party has not submitted a Common Core Document. The Committee also appreciates the written replies to the list of issues
and questions raised by its pre-session working group, and the written submission by the State party following the dialogue.
B. Positive aspects
4. The Committee appreciates the efforts being made by the State party for the empowerment of women and elimination of
discrimination against women despite the fact that many of the problems faced by them originate from deeply rooted traditional and
cultural norms as well as resulting from poverty and other economic challenges.
5. The Committee welcomes the adoption of legislative measures aimed at eliminating discrimination against women, including:
a) The Domestic Violence Act (2010) and the National Domestic Violence and Sexual Abuse Protocol (2011);
b) The Child (Protection and Adoption) Act (2010) which recognises sexual violence as a form of child abuse when committed
against a child;
C. Principal areas of concern and recommendations
7. The Committee recalls the obligation of the State party to systematically and continuously implement all the provisions of the
Convention and views the concerns and recommendations identified in the present concluding observations as requiring the priority
attention of the State party between now and the submission of the next periodic report. Consequently, the Committee urges the
State party to focus on those areas in its implementation activities and to report on actions taken and results achieved in its next
periodic report. The Committee calls upon the State party to submit the present concluding observations to all relevant ministries, to
the Parliament, as well as to the judiciary, so as to ensure their full implementation.
8. While reaffirming that the Government has the primary responsibility and is particularly accountable for the full implementation
of the obligations of the State party under the Convention, the Committee stresses that the Convention is binding on all branches of
the State apparatus. It invites the State party to encourage its Parliament, in line with its procedures, where appropriate, to take the
necessary steps with regard to the implementation of the present concluding observations and the State party’s next reporting
process under the Convention.
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FREEDOM IN THE WORLD 2012 REPORT
Political Rights Score: 1
Civil Liberties Score: 2
Grenada’s economy, which suffered from the effects of Hurricane Ivan in 2004 and the global economic crisis in 2008, saw
modest growth in 2011 due to expansion of the construction and tourism industries. Meanwhile, the country’s political opposition
charged that a proposed Financial Intelligence Unit Bill would be used by Prime Minister Tillman Thomas’ administration to engage
in politically motivated investigations of financial crimes.
While Grenada continues to struggle with the effects of the global financial crisis and the impact of Hurricane Ivan, which devasted
the country in 2004, the country enjoys greater economic stability than some of its neighboring countries. The economy enjoyed
modest growth in 2011 as a financial stimulus provided incentives for the tourism and construction industries.
Grenada concluded a maritime demarcation treaty with Trinidad in April 2010, which may facilitate private investment in oil
exploration. However, Grenada’s link with foreign oil exploration investors remains a contentious issue. In August 2010, a state
appellate court in the United States cleared former deputy prime minister Gregory Bowen of any wrongdoing in the 2005
cancellation of American investor Jack Grynberg’s oil exploration contract. Bowen’s legal costs were assumed by Global
Petroleum Group (GPG), a Russian company that was granted oil exploration rights in 2005 after the termination of Grynberg’s
contract. Oil exploration by GPG has stalled as the Thomas administration revisits the GPG deal.
Grenada is an electoral democracy. The 2008 parliamentary elections were considered generally free and fair, although there were
allegations of voter-list manipulation. The bicameral Parliament consists of the directly elected, 15-seat House of Representatives,
whose members serve five-year terms, and the 13-seat Senate, to which the prime minister appoints 10 members and the
opposition leader appoints 3 members. The prime minister is typically the leader of the majority party in the House of
Representatives and is appointed by the governor-general, who represents the British monarch as head of state. Grenada’s main
political parties are the NDC, the NNP, the Grenada United Labor Party, and the People’s Labor Movement.
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Grenada becomes the 115th State to join the Rome Statute
On 19 May 2011, the government of Grenada deposited its instrument of accession of the Rome Statute of the International
Criminal Court (ICC) to the UN. The Statute will enter into force for Grenada on 1 August 2011, bringing the total number of
States Parties to the Rome Statute to 115. The ICC applauds Grenada’s decision to join the international community’s efforts to put
an end to impunity for the perpetrators of the most serious crimes that threaten the peace, security and well-being of the world.
The President of the Assembly of States Parties, Ambassador Christian Wenaweser, welcomed the accession by Grenada, which
takes place immediately after the seminar hold by the Caribbean Community (CARICOM ) on the ICC held in in Port of Spain on 16
and 17 May, where he had participated and exchanged views with Government representatives on how to enhance universality and
the implementation of the Statute in the region.
The accession by Grenada, which brings to 12 the number of CARICOM members that are parties to the Rome Statute, constitutes
a reaffirmation of the region's commitment to international criminal justice in general and the ICC in particular, as it was from the
region that the initiative for the establishment of an international criminal court began in 1989. The Assembly looks forward to
having the entire membership of CARICOM join the Rome Statute in the near future.
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Meeting the Challenge
November 22, 2010
I. The Technological Evolution and Early Proliferation and Use of Cluster Munitions
A half-century ago, cluster munitions were a little known instrument of warfare. They have since become common—if
controversial—weapons for most modern militaries. Cluster munitions gained preferential status through a combination of
technological innovations, changing combat needs, industrial interests, permissive laws, and lack of public awareness or debate.
These factors produced an area effect munition that exacts a lethal and predictable, even if unintentional, toll on civilians.
From their first major use, the civilian harm inflicted by cluster munitions has outweighed their military benefits. During the
Vietnam War, the United States blanketed Southeast Asia with the weapons, causing civilian casualties at the time of attack and
leaving millions of unexploded submunitions that continue to kill and maim decades later. Since then, cluster munitions have
proliferated widely and been used in almost every region of the world. While the design of cluster munitions has evolved in ways
that theoretically could reduce humanitarian harm, technological fixes have failed to eliminate the weapons’ negative effects. The
history of development, use, and proliferation illuminates the major problems of cluster munitions and foreshadows the impact they
still have today.
Early Proliferation of Cluster Munitions: 1970s and 1980s
The conflict in Southeast Asia significantly raised the profile of cluster munitions and transformed them from a military experiment
into a mainstream weapon. By 1973, for example, cluster munitions comprised 29 percent of the US Air Force’s entire ordnance
procurement budget. The weapons also quickly proliferated.
Use in the 1970s and 1980s extended to Africa, the Americas, the Middle East, and South Asia. In Africa, unknown forces left
cluster munition remnants in Zambia (1970s), Morocco used cluster munitions against a non-state armed group in Western Sahara
and Mauritania (1975-1991), the United States attacked Libyan ships (1986), and France and Libya launched attacks in Chad (1986-
1987). In the Americas, the United Kingdom dropped 107 cluster munitions on the Falkland Islands/Malvinas (1982), and the United
States dropped 21 in Grenada (1983).
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Statement from the Ministry of Social Development on the recent spate of violence in Grenada
Friday, August 3, 2012
ST. GEORGE'S,GRENADA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 2, 2012 – The Ministry of Social Development is deeply saddened at the
recent horrendous acts of violence that led to the death of three women. Our sympathy goes out to their families, friends and all of
Grenada as we collectively mourn the loss of these women. To date a total of four women are known to have been killed due to
domestic homicides for the year thus far.
The lives of Akeera Lalgie, Marsha Cherman and Marsha Jones ended prematurely when they were brutally struck down,allegedly
by their current or former intimate partners. These young women were in the prime of their lives, and now they are gone, leaving a
terrible loss to their families, friends and colleagues.
As a result, the Ministry of Social Development has designed a series of strategies as a direct response to these incidents.
We are mindful of the devastating impact that these events, and the circumstances surrounding them can have on the families of
the victims and perpetrators, as well as on those who have been involved. Therefore, our first response is to offer psycho-social
support to the families and others who were directly affected. This has begun, and will continue as needed, with the support of
We have organised a Procession and Candlelight Vigil, together with stakeholders, to be held on Friday, August 3,from 4:30 pm,
in St. George's as a national public response and sensitisation activity.
It will be a time for us to reflect together on the incidents and call for an end to violent behaviour in our nation.
We therefore invite all persons and organisations to participate in this activity.
The longer term actions of the Ministry would include further public sensitisation, strengthening the psycho-social responses of
the Ministry and assisting other sectors in further developing institutional responses, including that of the Police.
We call on all of us to be sensitive to the needs of the families and others who may become traumatised by graphic images and
messages. Therefore, we appeal to those in the formal media, and those who use social media networks, to refrain from
distributing sensitive materials,thus causing further damage to this volatile situation.
All citizens and institutions are asked to treat all reports or suspicions of domestic violence and threats seriously. We urge family
and community members to support and protect the victims and potential victims. Let us be aware that abusers can sometimes stop
at nothing to get their way, even while we try to meet their needs and frustrations.
Further, we ask you to avoid sullying the reputation of the dead women, or even blaming them, as though they were somehow
responsible for the actions of their killers. Remember that we all have a choice, and the killers chose violent responses instead of
walking away, seeking counselling, or other legal ways to resolve their problems.
The Ministry is imploring all of our nation's citizens to use good judgement in your interactions with others and utilise non-violent
means to address difficulties in your relationships,especially intimate relationships.
If there are issues that are frustrating to you, please seek help, and remember that it is not our place to control others,or to try to
take possession over them. We must respect each other, and treat each other as equals.
At this time of year, as we are in the August festivities, (Rainbow City, Regatta and Carnival), we call on all Grenadians and visitors
to be tolerant of each other, especially of our intimate partners and peers.
Remember to be selfless and caring, and let us do all that we can to ensure that Grenada is a safe place for all women and men,
boys and girls, from here on. Have a happy and peaceful carnival.
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Raise the Volume for the Right of Women to live lives free of violence!
Thursday, 01 December 2011
Remarks by the UN Women Caribbean Office Regional Programme Director for the Observance of International Day for the
Elimination of Violence against Women for 2011
As we observe for 2011, the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women on 25 November, we can affirm the
growing rejection by all sectors of society of a culture of tolerance and/or indifference to acts of violence against women.
Through partnerships between the women’s organisations, governments, development agencies, key community leaders such as
our artists, the Caribbean is unite-ing in voice for women’s rights to lives free of violence.
At a meeting of Caribbean Ombudsmen, Police and victim support services, held in Barbados this year, a Protocol was developed to
strengthen the support to and indeed responsiveness to victims of gender-based violence, and in particular sexual assaults. This
Protocol which will be implemented in a number of countries in 2011 should ensure victims’ access to justice. Already the Protocol
is being seen as a model for reference internationally.
In Grenada, in collaboration with the Ministry of Social Development and the Grenada National Organization for Women (GNOW)
a domestic violence and sexual abuse protocol has been developed and most importantly it is being implemented.
Despite this progress, much remains to be done to build an effective prevention, protection, justice and social services response. In
this regard, a number of countries have developed national action plans, including the Department of Gender Affairs of St. Kitts and
Nevis and the Belizean Women’s Department, part of the Ministry of Human Development, whose Plan (NAP), was accepted by
the Belizean Cabinet for implementation.
We must continue to call attention to the fact that while domestic violence legislation is in place in nearly every Caribbean territory,
the rule of law is undermined by under-reporting as well as by high levels of attrition in the investigation and prosecution of sexual
assault cases. Further, a victim/survivor's reluctance to report can be traced to instances where too often, the blame and
responsibility for these types of crimes are directed at the victim/survivor rather than the perpetrator.
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Member of the Grenada Human Rights Organization demanded the release of the Cuban Five.
Grenada, July 5th, 2011
Wiston Thomas, Public Relations Member of the Grenada Human Rights Organization demanded the release of the Five Cuban
Heroes imprisoned in the United States in an interview at the “Voice Of Grenada” radio station.
Mr. Thomas, also Vice-president of the Public Workers Union at the Caribbean nation, point out that Cuba has the right to defend
herself from terrorist actions organized by Cuban American groups based in Miami, United States. He added that the Cuban Five
were arrested and sentenced without evidence proving the charges of espionage which they were accused of.
He recalled that the United States ex-president himself, James Carter, who recently visited Cuba, demanded the release of the Five
Cuban antiterrorists, as have done many others American and world important figures. Wiston also stressed that the Cuban patriot’
s case has raised the international solidarity and now there are Solidarity Committees for the Cuban Five operating in 111 countries.
In the end, Thomas urged the Grenadian people to join to the universal claim for the liberation of the Five Cuban patriots.
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Carlyle Arnold Glean
Governor General since 9 July 2008
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