PAKISTAN
Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Jamhuryat Islami Pakistan
Joined United Nations:  30 September 1947
Human Rights as assured by their constitution
Click here
Updated 05 October 2012
CAPITAL
POPULATION
CHIEF OF STATE
SELECTION PROCESS
Islamabad
190,291,129 (July 2012 est.)
Asif Ali Zardari
President since 09 September 2008
Chosen by the Electoral College to serve a five-year term. The
electoral college comprises the Senate, National Assembly, and
the provincial assemblies. The president may be re-elected but
may not serve for more than two consecutive terms. Election last
held: 06 September 2008

Next scheduled election: 2013
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
SELECTION PROCESS
Raja Pervaiz Ashraf
Prime Minister since 22 June 2012
The prime minister is selected by the National Assembly
DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
ETHNIC GROUPS
Punjabi 44.68%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.42%, Sindhi 14.1%, Sariaki 8.38%, Muhajirs 7.57%, Balochi 3.57%, other 6.28%
RELIGIONS
Muslim 95% (Sunni 75%, Shia 20%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 5%
GOVERNMENT
STRUCTURE
Federal republic with 4 provinces, 1 territory and 1 capital territory; the Pakistani-administered portion of the disputed
Jammu and Kashmir region consists of two administrative entities. Legal system is based on English common law with
provisions to accommodate Pakistan's status as an Islamic state; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Executive:   The President of Pakistan is the head of state of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Pakistan has a parliamentary
form of government. According to the Constitution, the President is chosen by the Electoral College to serve a five-year
term. The electoral college comprises the Senate, National Assembly, and the provincial assemblies. The president may be
re-elected but may not serve for more than two consecutive terms. Last election held: 6 September 2008; next election:
2013
Legislative: Bicameral Parliament or Majlis-e-Shoora consists of the Senate (100 seats; members indirectly elected by
provincial assemblies and the territories' representatives in the National Assembly to serve six-year terms; half of the
Senate's seats turn over every three years) and the National Assembly (342 seats; 272 seats filled by popular vote; 60 seats
reserved for women; 10 seats reserved for non-Muslims; members serve five-year terms)
elections: Senate - last held on 3 March 2009 (next to be held in March 2012); National Assembly - last held 18 February
2008 (next to be held in 2013)
Judicial: Supreme Court (justices appointed by the president); Federal Islamic or Shari'a Court
LANGUAGES
Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui
1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%
BRIEF HISTORY
The oldest evidence of palaeolithic human activity in South Asia (dating backing 45,000 years) was discovered in the Soan
River valley of Pothohar, Punjab, Pakistan. Mehrgarh was an ancient settlement in the Balochistan region of Pakistan and is
an important archaeological site for the earliest neolithic settlements in that region. After archaeological excavations in 1974,
it has also been cited as the earliest known farming settlement of South Asia (Jarrige et al). The earliest evidence of
settlement dates from 7000 BCE. It is also cited for the earliest evidence of pottery in South Asia. Archaeologists divide the
occupation at the site into several periods. Sometime between 2600 and 2000 BC, the city seems to have been largely
abandoned. Since the Indus Valley Civilisation was in its initial stages of development at that time, it has been surmised that
the inhabitants of Mehrgarh migrated to the fertile Indus valley as Balochistan became more arid due to climatic changes.
The Indus Valley civilization (c. 3300-1700 BCE) was one of the most ancient civilizations, on the banks of Indus River.
The natives of the region were the first inhabitants of the Indus valley. The founders of this civilisation are believed to be a
Dravidian people, but this remains difficult to verify as the Indus Valley script has not yet been definitively deciphered. To
date, over 1,052 cities and settlements have been found, mainly in the general region to the east of the Indus River in
Pakistan and India. Although, the Indus Valley Civilization flourished in much of current-day Pakistan for over 1500 years, it
disappeared abruptly around 1700 BCE. It has been conjectured that a cataclysmic earthquake might have been the cause,
or, alternately, the drying up of the Ghagger-Hakra river. Soon thereafter, Indo-Aryan tribes from the Central Asian steppes
poured into the region. The part of ancient Afghanistan and Pakistan was ruled by the Persian Achaemenid Empire (c.520
BCE) during the reign of Darius the Great until Alexander the Great's conquest. It became part of the empire as a satrapy
that included the lands of present-day Pakistani Punjab, the Indus River, from the borders of Gandhara down to the Arabian
Sea, and other parts of the Indus plain. The interaction between Hellenistic Greece and Buddhism started when Alexander
the Great conquered Asia Minor, the Achaemenid Empire and ancient Pakistan in 334 BCE, defeating Porus at the Battle of
the Hydaspes (near modern-day Jhelum) and conquering much of the Punjab region. Greco-Buddhism, sometimes spelled
Græco-Buddhism, is the cultural syncretism between the culture of Classical Greece and Buddhism, which developed over a
period of close to 800 years in the area corresponding to modern-day Afghanistan and Pakistan, between the fourth century
BCE and the fifth century CE. From 2nd century BC to 5th century CE the northwestern parts of the Indian subcontinent
came under continuous invasions of different Turko-Iranian, Bactrians, Sakas, Parthians, Kushans, and Huns. During those
centuries ethnic composition of the region remained in flex until the 7th century, when it was stabilized. Rajputs, Jats, and
Gujjars became integral part of the population. With the mixing of the Iranian people, a physical feature became
predominated in the Baloch region which resemble to Iranic or other Caucasoid races to the west. This made people of the
Baloch region distinct from the rest of the South Asia. These Caucasoid physical features become more prominent with the
movement of Pakhtuns and Balochis. Prior to the 8th century the region was dominated by native rulers in the east and the
Sassanid Persians in the west. During this period, another event occurred which would drastically transform the region, the
coming of Islam. A Syrian Muslim chieftain named Muhammad bin Qasim conquered the region early in the 8th century
(712) and extended Umayyad rule to the Indus River. Like Alexander the Great, Qasim travelled and subdued the region
from Sindh to Kashmir. Muhammad Bin Qasim, himself a youth of only 20, managed this feat by leading a small force of
only 6,000 Syrian tribesmen and reached the borders of Kashmir within three years. During the start of the 16th to the 19th
century CE saw the arrivals of the moghal empire, which played a huge role in the development of the region not only
economically but also culturally. The arrival of people from the Central Asian nations such as the Turks and Mongols was a
significant turning point in the history of present-day Pakistan. The Qalandars (wandering Sufi saints) from Central Asia,
Persia and Middle East preached a mystical form of Islam that appealed to the Buddhist and Hindu populations of Pakistan.
In 1739 Nadir Shah attacked India and after defeating the Mughal Emperor Mohammed Shah (Rangeela) claimed Punjab
(from Lahore westward), the North-West Frontier Province, Balochistan and Sind as provinces of his Empire. In the early
19th century, the Mughal empire and the Afghan Durrani empire weakened in power. Taking advantage of the situation,
Sikhs conquered most of the Punjab, and parts of Kashmir and Eastern Afghanistan. During the middle of the second
millennium, several European countries, such as Great Britain, Portugal, Holland and France were initially interested in trade
with South Asian rulers including the Mughals and leaders of other independent Kingdoms. The Europeans took advantage
of the fractured kingdoms and the divided rule to colonize the country. Most of India came under the crown of the British
Empire in 1857 after a failed insurrection, popularly known as the First War of Indian Independence, against the British East
India Company by Bahadur Shah Zafar. Present-day Pakistan remained part of British South Asia until August 14, 1947.
Just two years following the formation of a Constitution and a declaration as an Islamic Republic, the military took control of
the nation in 1958. Field Marshall Ayub Khan also started Basic Democracy in which the people elected electors who in
turn voted to select the President. Between 1947 and 1971, the nation consisted of two parts, West Pakistan and East
Pakistan, geographically separated with India in between. During the 1960s, there was a rise in Bengali nationalism, and
allegations that economic development and government jobs favoured West Pakistan. An independence movement in East
Pakistan began to gather ground. The result was the emergence of the new nation of Bangladesh. On 12 October 1999,
Sharif attempted to dismiss army chief Pervez Musharraf and install ISI director Khwaja Ziauddin in his place. Musharraf,
who was out of the country, boarded a commercial airliner to return to Pakistan. Senior Army generals refused to accept
Musharraf's dismissal. Nawaz Sharif ordered the Jinnah International Airport (Quaid-e-Azam International Airport) to
prevent the landing of the airliner, which then circled the skies over Karachi. In a coup, the generals ousted Sharif's
administration and took over the airport. The plane landed with only a few minutes of fuel to spare, and General Pervez
Musharraf assumed control of the government. While economic reforms undertaken during his regime have yielded some
results, social reform programmes appear to have met with resistance. Musharraf's power is threatened by extremists who
have grown in strength since the September 11, 2001 attacks and who are particularly angered by Musharraf's close
political and military alliance with the United States, including his support of the 2001 invasion of Afghanistan, and his liberal
views on reforming Islam. Musharraf has survived assassination attempts by terrorist groups believed to be part of
Al-Qaeda, including at least two instances where the terrorists had inside information from a member of his military security
detail. Pending the threat of impeachment by the new Pakistani coalition government, Musharraf resigned the presidency on
18 August 2008. As required by the constitution, Mohammedmian Soomro (in his position as Chairman of the Senate)
automatically became acting President on 18 August 2008, upon the resignation of Musharraf. The constitution also requires
that a new President be elected by Parliament within 30 days; Soomro is considered loyal to Musharraf, and it is considered
certain that he will be replaced in that election. On 6 September 2008, Asif Ali Zardari was elected Pakistan's 13th
President since 1956. On 9 September 2008, Asif Ali Zardari, sworn in as President of Pakistan. A 53 years old Asif
Zardari took oath from Chief Justice of Pakistan Mr Justice Abdul Hameed Dogar. Following endless procrastination of
Syed Yousaf Raza Gillani in probing corruption charges as ordered by the judiciary, and treating it as contempt of court, the
Supreme Court of Pakistan disqualified and ousted him and he resigned from office on 26 April 2012. Raja Pervaiz Ashraf
of People's Party took oath as the 17th Prime Minister of Pakistan on 22 June 2012. Doubts are already being expressed
on his continuance as he is also facing corruption charges in the supreme court.
Sources: Wikipedia: History of Pakistan
ECONOMIC OVERVIEW
Decades of internal political disputes and low levels of foreign investment have led to slow growth and underdevelopment in
Pakistan. Agriculture accounts for more than one-fifth of output and two-fifths of employment. Textiles account for most of
Pakistan's export earnings, and Pakistan's failure to expand a viable export base for other manufactures has left the country
vulnerable to shifts in world demand. Official unemployment is 6%, but this fails to capture the true picture, because much of
the economy is informal and underemployment remains high. Over the past few years, low growth and high inflation, led by a
spurt in food prices, have increased the amount of poverty - the UN Human Development Report estimated poverty in 2011
at almost 50% of the population. Inflation has worsened the situation, climbing from 7.7% in 2007 to more than 13% for
2011, before declining to 9.3% at year-end. As a result of political and economic instability, the Pakistani rupee has
depreciated more than 40% since 2007. The government agreed to an International Monetary Fund Standby Arrangement
in November 2008 in response to a balance of payments crisis. Although the economy has stabilized since the crisis, it has
failed to recover. Foreign investment has not returned, due to investor concerns related to governance, energy, security, and
a slow-down in the global economy. Remittances from overseas workers, averaging about $1 billion a month since March
2011, remain a bright spot for Pakistan. However, after a small current account surplus in fiscal year 2011 (July 2010/June
2011), Pakistan's current account turned to deficit in the second half of 2011, spurred by higher prices for imported oil and
lower prices for exported cotton. Pakistan remains stuck in a low-income, low-growth trap, with growth averaging 2.9%
per year from 2008 to 2011. Pakistan must address long standing issues related to government revenues and energy
production in order to spur the amount of economic growth that will be necessary to employ its growing population. Other
long term challenges include expanding investment in education and healthcare, and reducing dependence on foreign donors.
Source: CIA World Factbook (select Pakistan)
POLITICAL CLIMATE
Officially a federal republic, Pakistan has had a long history of alternating periods of electoral democracy and authoritarian
military government. Military presidents include General Ayub Khan in the 1960s, General Zia ul Haq in the 1980s, and
General Pervez Musharraf from 1999. However, a majority of Pakistan's Heads of State and Heads of Government have
been elected civilian leaders. General elections were held in October 2002.

Recently the Politics of Pakistan has taken place in the framework of a federal republic, where the system of government has
at times been parliamentary, presidential, or semi-presidential. In the current semi-presidential system, the President of
Pakistan is the head of state, the Prime Minister is head of government, and there is a multi-party system. Executive power is
exercised by the government. Legislative power is largely vested in the Parliament.

The president, in keeping with the constitutional provision that the state religion is Islam, must be a Muslim. Elected for a
five-year term by an Electoral College consisting of members of the Senate and National Assembly and members of the
provincial assemblies, the president is eligible for reelection. But no individual may hold the office for more than two
consecutive terms.

The prime minister is appointed by the members of the National Assembly through a vote. The prime minister is assisted by
the Federal Cabinet, a council of ministers whose members are appointed by the president on the advice of the prime
minister.
Source: Wikipedia: Politics of Pakistan
INTERNATIONAL
DISPUTES
Various talks and confidence-building measures cautiously have begun to defuse tensions over Kashmir, particularly since
the October 2005 earthquake in the region; Kashmir nevertheless remains the site of the world's largest and most militarized
territorial dispute with portions under the de facto administration of China (Aksai Chin), India (Jammu and Kashmir), and
Pakistan (Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas); UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan has maintained a small
group of peacekeepers since 1949; India does not recognize Pakistan's ceding historic Kashmir lands to China in 1964;
India and Pakistan have maintained their 2004 cease-fire in Kashmir and initiated discussions on defusing the armed standoff
in the Siachen glacier region; Pakistan protests India's fencing the highly militarized Line of Control and construction of the
Baglihar Dam on the Chenab River in Jammu and Kashmir, which is part of the larger dispute on water sharing of the Indus
River and its tributaries; to defuse tensions and prepare for discussions on a maritime boundary, India and Pakistan seek
technical resolution of the disputed boundary in Sir Creek estuary at the mouth of the Rann of Kutch in the Arabian Sea;
Pakistani maps continue to show the Junagadh claim in India's Gujarat State; by 2005, Pakistan, with UN assistance,
repatriated 2.3 million Afghan refugees leaving slightly more than a million, many of whom remain at their own choosing;
Pakistan has sent troops across and built fences along some remote tribal areas of its treaty-defined Durand Line border
with Afghanistan, which serve as bases for foreign terrorists and other illegal activities; Afghan, Coalition, and Pakistan
military meet periodically to clarify the alignment of the boundary on the ground and on maps.
U.S. State Department
United Nations Human
Rights Council
Amnesty International
Human Rights Watch
Freedom House
REFUGEES AND
INTERNALLY
DISPLACED PERSONS
(IDP)
Refugees (country of origin): 1,899,842 (Afghanistan) (2010)
IDPs: 818,000 (fighting in Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Khyber-Pakhtunkwa, and Balochistan since 2004; military
operations in SWAT in 2009; flooding in 2010) (2012)
ILLICIT DRUGS
Significant transit area for Afghan drugs, including heroin, opium, morphine, and hashish, bound for Iran, Western markets,
the Gulf States, Africa, and Asia; financial crimes related to drug trafficking, terrorism, corruption, and smuggling remain
problems; opium poppy cultivation estimated to be 2,300 hectares in 2007 with 600 of those hectares eradicated; federal
and provincial authorities continue to conduct anti-poppy campaigns that utilizes forced eradication, fines, and arrests
Human Rights Commission
of Pakistan
U. S. STATE
DEPARTMENT
HUMAN RIGHTS STATEMENTS, ANALYSIS AND CRITIQUES
2011 Human Rights Report: Pakistan
Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor
2011 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices
May 25, 2012

Pakistan is a federal republic. With the election of current president and head of state, Asif Ali Zardari, democratic rule was
restored in 2008 after years of military government. Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani of the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) served as prime
minister and head of government. The PPP and its federal coalition partners controlled the executive and legislative branches of the
national government and three of the four provincial assemblies. The military and intelligence services nominally reported to civilian
authorities but essentially operated without effective civilian oversight. Generally, the police force reported to civilian authority,
although there were instances in which it acted independently.

The most serious human rights problems were extrajudicial killings, torture, and disappearances committed by security forces, as
well as by militant, terrorist, and extremist groups, which affected thousands of citizens in nearly all areas of the country. Two
prominent political figures, Punjab governor Salman Taseer and federal minister for minorities Shahbaz Bhatti, were assassinated
due to their support for revisions of the blasphemy law and for Aasia Bibi, a Christian who had been sentenced to death under the
law.

Other human rights problems included poor prison conditions, instances of arbitrary detention, lengthy pretrial detention, a weak
criminal justice system, insufficient training for prosecutors and criminal investigators, a lack of judicial independence in the lower
courts, and infringements on citizens’ privacy rights. Harassment of journalists, some censorship, and self-censorship continued.
There were some restrictions on freedom of assembly and some limits on freedom of movement. The number of religious freedom
violations and discrimination against religious minorities increased, including some violations sanctioned by law. Corruption was
widespread within the government and the police forces, and the government made few attempts to combat the problem. Rape,
domestic violence, sexual harassment, “honor” crimes, abuse, and discrimination against women remained serious problems. Child
abuse and commercial sexual exploitation of children persisted. Widespread human trafficking--including forced and bonded labor--
was a serious problem. Societal discrimination against national, ethnic, and racial minorities continued, as did discrimination based
on caste, sexual orientation, gender identity, and HIV status. Lack of respect for worker rights continued.

Lack of government accountability remained a pervasive problem. Abuses often went unpunished, fostering a culture of impunity.

Violence, abuse, and social and religious intolerance by militant organizations, and other nongovernmental actors contributed to a
culture of lawlessness in some parts of the country, particularly Balochistan, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP, formerly known as
the North West Frontier Province), and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA).
Click here to read more »
UNITED NATIONS
HUMAN RIGHTS
COUNCIL
4 March 2009
COMMITTEE ON THE ELIMINATION OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION
Seventy-fourth session
16 February – 6 March 2009
CONSIDERATION OF REPORTS SUBMITTED BY STATES PARTIES UNDER ARTICLE 9 OF THE CONVENTION
Concluding observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
PAKISTAN

A. INTRODUCTION
2. The Committee welcomes the submission of the fifteenth to twentieth periodic reports and the opportunity thus offered to
resume the dialogue with the State party. It also expresses appreciation for the frank and sincere dialogue held with the delegation
and the efforts made to provide responses to many questions raised in the list of issues and posed by Committee members during
the dialogue.
3. Noting that the report was almost 10 years overdue when submitted, the Committee invites the State party to observe the
deadlines set for the submission of its reports in the future.

B. POSITIVE ASPECTS
4. The Committee notes the commitments pledged by the State party, in particular with regard to the establishment of an
independent national human rights institution and its commitment to promote equal rights of minorities, during the process of
Universal Periodic Review of the Human Rights Council and encourages the State party to fulfil these.
5. The Committee notes with appreciation the constitutional provisions and other legislation aimed at establishing equality between
all citizens of the State party, as well as the institutional framework for the protection of human rights, including the establishment
of the Ministry of Minority Affairs as well as the National Commission for Minorities. The Committee also welcomes the Special
Measures put in place to advance the equal enjoyment of rights by members of minority groups, such as reserved seats in the
federal as well as provincial legislatures.

C. CONCERNS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
8. The Committee reiterates its concern about the lack of disaggregated statistical data in the report of the State party regarding the
ethnic composition of its population and on the enjoyment by members of ethnic minorities, including non-citizens, of the rights
protected under the Convention.
The Committee recommends that the State party provide it with data on the ethnic composition of the population. The collection of
such data should preferably be based on self-identification by the individuals concerned, and carried out in accordance with the
Committee’s General Recommendation VIII concerning the interpretation and application of Article 1, paragraphs 1 and 4, of the
Convention, and with paragraphs 10 and 11 of the guidelines for the submission of CERD-specific reports, approved at its seventy-
first session (CERD/C/2007/1). The Committee wishes to emphasize that such information will permit a better assessment of the
implementation of the Convention by State party and wishes to receive such information in the State party’s next periodic report.
Click here to read more »
FREEDOM HOUSE
Pakistani Girl Accused of Blasphemy Released on Bail
Sep 7 2012 - 3:07pm

Freedom House welcomes the release of Rimsha Masih on bail of one million rupees ($10,500) after being accused of blasphemy
for allegedly burning pages with verses of the Koran.  We remain gravely concerned for her safety and that of her family and call
on authorities to ensure their protection as they continue to receive death threats and are in hiding.

Rimsha was taken in to custody in Islamabad on August 16 after an angry mob accused her of blasphemy and called for her arrest.
Nearly 400 families, many of them Christian, have been forced to flee the capital following violent protests. Pakistani imam
Muhammad Khalid Chishti, who called for Rimsha to face the death penalty, was taken in to custody this week after he was
accused of planting the burned pages in Rimsha’s bag.

Rimsha is not the first person targeted by Pakistan’s blasphemy law, which sentences to death or life in prison any person who
“defiles the Koran.” Misuse of the blasphemy law has led to increased detention and fatal violence. In early 2011, Salman Taseer,
the governor of Punjab, and Shahbaz Bhatti, Minister for Minority Affairs, were murdered after speaking out publicly against the
blasphemy law. A month prior to Rimsha’s arrest, a Muslim man suspected of blasphemy was pulled out of a police station by an
angry mob and killed.

Freedom House calls for Pakistan to repeal or significantly reform its blasphemy law in an effort to better protect citizens.
Click here to read more »
AMNESTY
INTERNATIONAL
25 September 2012
Pakistan: Unauthorised Amnesty International activities

Amnesty International has become aware of the misuse of its name and logo in Pakistan. We are aware of a number of individuals
and organisations operating under various names which might appear to be associated with Amnesty International, including
‘Amnesty Pakistan’ and ‘AI Pakistan’. At least one such organisation is collecting membership fees from individuals.

These activities are not authorized by Amnesty International and none of these organisations represent Amnesty International in
Pakistan in any way. Whilst Amnesty International has a very active Pakistan team that visits the country several times each year, it
does not have an office or permanent base in Pakistan, nor does it have representatives authorised to speak on its behalf residing in
Pakistan.

If you are in doubt about the identity or authority of an Amnesty International delegate, or would like further information about
Amnesty International’s work on the human rights situation in Pakistan, please contact the International Secretariat via our website
http://www.amnesty.org/en/contact or call +44-20-74135500.

Amnesty International acknowledges and appreciates the desire for people in Pakistan and elsewhere to take part in its human rights
movement. Pakistan residents wishing to join Amnesty International are invited to register as international members through the
organisation’s website http://www.amnesty.org/en/join. This is at present the sole route to membership within Pakistan and many
other countries and is free of charge. International members in Pakistan are not authorised to speak on behalf of or in the name of
Amnesty International.

For the last 50 years, Amnesty international has worked for the promotion, protection and respect of human rights throughout the
world. Its actions are impartial and independent of any government, political ideology, economic interest or religion.
Click here to read more »
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH
Pakistan: Shia Killings Escalate
Government and Security Forces Fail to Protect Muslim Minority
September 5, 2012

(New York) – The Pakistani government should urgently act to protect the minority Shia Muslim community in Pakistan from
sectarian attacks by Sunni militant groups, Human Rights Watch said today. The government should hold accountable those
responsible for ordering and participating in deadly attacks targeting Shia.

While sectarian violence is a longstanding problem in Pakistan, attacks against ordinary Shia have increased dramatically in recent
years, Human Rights Watch said. In 2012, at least 320 members of the Shia population have been killed in targeted attacks. Over
100 have been killed in Balochistan province, the majority from the Hazara community.

“Deadly attacks on Shia communities across Pakistan are escalating,” said Brad Adams, Asia director at Human Rights Watch.
“The government’s persistent failure to apprehend attackers or prosecute the extremist groups organizing the attacks suggests that
it is indifferent to this carnage.”

In the most recent violence, in two separate attacks on September 1, 2012, gunmen attacked and killed eight Hazara Shia in Quetta,
Balochistan’s capital. In the first attack, witnesses told Human Rights Watch that four armed men riding on two motorbikes shot
dead five Hazaras at a bus stop in the Hazar Ganji area of the city. The victims, all vegetable sellers, were returning from the
vegetable market. Within two hours of the attack, gunmen riding a motorbike attacked a nearby bus stop, killing two people from
the Hazara community. An eighth victim, also a Hazara Shia, died in the hospital on September 2.

On August 30, gunmen riding a motorbike shot dead Zulfiqar Naqvi, a Shia judge, his driver,Essa Khan, and a police bodyguard,
Abdul Shakoor, as Naqvi headed to work in Quetta.

On August 16, four buses passing through the Babusar Top area of Mansehra district in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province (formerly
the North-West Frontier Province) were ambushed by gunmen who made all the passengers disembark. The attackers checked the
national identity cards of each passenger and summarily executed 22 passengers identified as belonging to the Shia community. A
spokesman for the Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan, the Pakistani Taliban, claimed responsibility for the killings.

Similar attacks targeting the Shia population have taken place repeatedly over the last year in Balochistan, the port city of Karachi,
predominantly Shia populated areas of Gilgit Baltistan in the northern areas, and in Pakistan’s tribal areas, Human Rights Watch said.

Sunni militant groups such as the ostensibly banned Lashkar-e Jhangvi have operated with widespread impunity across Pakistan
while law enforcement officials have effectively turned a blind eye on attacks against Shia communities. Some Sunni extremist
groups are known to be allies of the Pakistani military, its intelligence agencies, and affiliated paramilitaries, such as the Frontier
Corps, Human Rights Watch said.
Click here to read more »
OFFICIAL
GOVERNMENT HUMAN
RIGHTS STATEMENT
Islamabad, 21st February, 2012
THE ADVISOR TO PRIME MINISTER ON HUMAN RIGHTS, MR. MUSTAFA NAWAZ KHOKHAR MEETS WITH MR.
JEREMY DOUGLAS, REPRESENTATIVE OF THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE ON DRUGS AND CRIME (UNODC) IN
PAKISTAN TO DISCUSS DRUG TRADE, HUMAN TRAFFICKING AND CROSS CUTTING ISSUES OF HUMAN RIGHTS.

Mr. Jeremy Douglas, Representative of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in Pakistan called on the Advisor
to Prime Minister on Human Rights, Mr. Mustafa Nawaz Khokhar on 21st February at his office. In the meeting, issues related to
drugs trade, human trafficking and cross cutting issues of human rights were discussed in detailed and a way forward was also
suggested. The Advisor stressed on the need to work with renewed will to tackle human rights situation arising out due to rise in
drugs trade. While mentioning the mandate of the Ministry, he expressed the resolve to review the existing laws regarding drugs
trade and harmonizing existing legislation, regulations and practices with the international human rights covenants and agreements
to which Pakistan is a party and monitoring their implementations. He further suggested forming a committee which could take
upon the task of reviewing existing laws and suggesting new ones. The Committee would be tasked to complete its task not in
months but in couple of weeks. The Advisor while mentioning the lacunas in the existing laws said that there is a dire need to treat
the narcotics users not as violators of narcotics law but also victims and he urged for proper laws for the rehabilitation of drug
victims. The Advisor briefed him about other international commitments of Pakistan such as Preparation of Universal Periodic
Report (UPR), International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), Convention Against Torture (CAT), Convention on
Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) etc. The Advisor also told Mr. Jeremy Douglas that the
Ministry was soon putting into place a mechanism through which all inmates in prisons would be screened through medical
checkups for hepatitis and HIV aids. The Advisor also appreciated the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) for the
positive work in Pakistan. Mr. Jeremy Douglas, Representative of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) while
appreciating the efforts of the Advisor offered the Ministry technical and financial support for legislation regarding drugs trade,
human trafficking and preventive detention. He assured the Advisor of his continued support and cooperation for human rights
issues in Pakistan.
Click here to read more »
HUMAN RIGHTS
COMMISSION OF
PAKISTAN
Human Rights Commission of Pakistan: Fact-finding mission finds Balochistan worse off
By Peer Muhammad
Published: August 31, 2012

For the country’s largest and most-volatile province, there is little respite.

A recent fact-finding mission of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) on Balochistan reveals that Talibanisation is
growing in several areas of the province and, as Quetta becomes a haven for militants, there is palpable fear that security forces are
patronising the militancy.

The observations were noted by the mission in a report launched on Thursday.

The HRCP mission visited the province from May 15 to 19 to assess the impact of recent measures taken by the government with
respect to the province, and to hear suggestions from stakeholders on a way out of the lingering crisis.

Findings

Talibanisation is growing in several areas and, unlike in the past, religious fanaticism is not merely being exported to the province
from elsewhere – it is now being bred in Balochistan, the report notes.

A growing network of madrassas has contributed to aggravation of sectarian tensions and militant training camps are reported in
the province, findings suggest.

While the government’s strategy vis-à-vis quelling the unrest in the province has largely failed, the report says there is a general
opinion that if there is a genuine will and commitment to find solutions, the numerous challenges could be addressed.

The mission met members of the executive, representatives of political parties, civil society organisations, relatives of missing
persons, religious and ethnic minority communities, businessmen, lawyers, journalists, teachers, students and senior government
officials.

No improvement

According to the report, the situation in Balochistan, in many fundamental respects, has not changed since HRCP’s last fact-finding
mission to the province in 2011. Enforced disappearances continue in the province as does the dumping of bodies and impunity for
perpetrators.

Frontier Corps and intelligence agencies are generally believed to be involved in enforced disappearance; in some cases their
involvement had been proved beyond doubt, the report says.
Click here to read more »
ADMINISTRATION OF
LAW AND JUSTICE
WAFAQI MOHTASIB
(OMBUDSMAN)
Islamabad, 19th September,2012
Mr. Imtiaz Hussain Kazi has assumed the charge of the office of Secretary of Wafaqi Mohtasib(Ombudsman)'s
Secretariat

Agha Sarwar Raza Qazilbash has relinquished the charge of the office of Secretary of Wafaqi Mohtasib(Ombudsman)'s Secretariat
on 17.09.2012 at attaining the superannuation
Islamabad, 17th September,2012

The Regional Office Faisalabad has been Shifted on new premises which is:- P-501/A, New Civil Lines, Near Riaz Shahid Chowk
Behind Iqbal Stadium,Faisalabad.
Islamabad, 05th Feburary , 2012

A new Regional Office has been established in The Malakand Region in Swat to facilitate public of Malakand, swat and its perifere .
Complaints are being admitted in the office.
Islamabad, 05th Feburary , 2012

Mr. Javed Sadiq Malik, Federal Ombudsman has relinquished the charge of the office of Federal Ombudsman on 27th October,
2010 after having completed his four year tenure.
Islamabad, 27th October , 2010
Click here to read more »
Click map for
larger view
Click flag for Country
Report
TRAFFICKING IN
PERSONS
None reported.