Republic of Haiti is located in the Caribbean Sea of the North American Continent, with a population of 9,801,664,
making it the 88th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is
Port-Au-Prince with a total population of
927 575. The country encompasses 27,750 square kilometers making it the 148th largest country in total area. It
shares boundaries with North Atlantic Ocean, Dominican Republic and the Caribbean Sea.

President Michel Martelly is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through popular vote and holds
that position for five years and may not serve consecutive terms. Prime Minister Laurent Lamothe is recognized as the
Head of Government and achieves that status through appointment by the president and ratification by the National
Assembly and holds that position for four years. Its form of government is an elected government and they celebrate
the creation of their constitution on 1 March 1987.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are French and Creole. It counts among its major religions Roman
Catholic, Protestant and other and no faiths. As sources of mass communication it has 41 AM, 26 FM and 2
Television stations.

Major geographical features are Chaine de la Selle, its highest point at 2,680 meters and the Caribbean Sea, its lowest
point at 0 meters. Its principal waterway is Caribbean Sea, which measures 1,771 kilometers of Coastline.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are sugar refining, flour milling,
textiles, cement and light assembly industries based on imported parts. Its official currency is Haitian Gourde.

Here’s something you may not know about Haiti. Haiti is the world's oldest black republic and the second-oldest
republic in the Western Hemisphere, after the United States.
Artibonito River- Haiti's
westernmost point on
the border with the
Dominican Republic
Fish-one source of
Cyvadier Beach on the
Caribbean Sea- Haiti's
lowest point
Happy Haitian children
Massif De La Selle-
Haiti's highest point
Port-au-Prince- Haiti's
capital and largest city
Saint-Marc on the
Golfe de le Gonave
Tomato Soup with
Tarragon Sauce- a
Haitian favorite
Port-de-Paix on the
Atlantic Ocean
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Updated 16 December 2012
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
1.9% (2009 est.)


Anse d'Hinault- Haiti's
westernmost point on
the Caribbean Sea
Anse-a-Pitre, Haiti's
southernmost point on
the border of the
Dominican Republic
Cap-Haitien on Haiti's
Atlantic coast
Ruins of a fort
constructed by
Christopher Columbus
at Mole Saint Nicholas
Woman in Haitian folk
Ile a Vache on the
Caribbean Sea
Ile de la Gonave
Vila Bateau on Ile de la
Tortue (Tortuga)-
Haiti's northernmost
Read about human rights in Pax
Gaea World Post Report!
Bassin Zim Waterfall in
Pic Macaya National
Port-Au-Prince after
the earthquake
Earthquake damage at
Leogane- near the
epicenter of the
Haiti's Presidential
Palace in
Port-Au-Prince after
the quake