Islamic Republic of Iran is located in the Middle East of the Asian Continent, with a population of 78,868,711, making it the
8th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Tehran with a total population of 8,429,807. The country
encompasses 1,648,000 square kilometers making it the 18th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with Caspian
Sea, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Gulf of Oman, Persian Gulf, Iraq, Azerbaijan and Armenia.

Supreme Leader Ali Hoseini-Khamenei is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through election by
Assembly of Experts and holds that position for life. President Mahmud Ahmadinejad is recognized as the Head of Government
and along with First Vice President Mohammad Reza Rahimi, achieves that status through popular vote and holds that position
four years and is eligible for a second term. Its form of government is a Theocratic Republic and they celebrate the creation of
their constitution on 2nd or 3rd of December 1979.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Persian, Turkic, Kurdish, Luri, Balochi, Arabic, Turkish and other languages.
It counts among its major religions Shi’a Muslim, Sunni Muslim, Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian and Baha'i. As sources of mass
communication it has 72 AM, 5 FM, 5 Short Wave and 28 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Kuh-e Damavand, its highest point at 5,671 meters and Caspian Sea, its lowest point at –28
meters. Its principal waterway is Karun River, which measures 850 kilometers.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are petroleum, petrochemicals, textiles, cement
and other construction materials, food processing, metal fabrication and armaments. Its official currency is the Iranian Rial.

Here’s something you may not know about Iran. Iran, which until 1953 was called Persia, is the site of some of the world’s
oldest villages.
Caspian Sea- Iran's
lowest point
Dasht-e Lut
Kuh-e Damavand-
Iran's highest point
Iranian mother and
child in traditional dress
Karun River- one of
Iran's principle waterways
Summer sunset on
Lake Urmia
Shenitsel- an Iranian
favorite of breaded
chicken breast
Tehran- Iran's capital
and largest city
Persian Rug
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Updated 30 November 2012
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.2% (2009 est.)


Maku- the northern
and westernmost point
of Iran on the border
with Azerbaijan
Dasht-e-Kavir Desert
in northern Iraq
Sarkhs- Iran's northeast
corner on the border
with Turkmenistan
Zabol on Iran's border
with Afghanistan
Kech- the easternmost
point of Iran on the
border with Pakistan
Chabahar- near Iran's
southernmost point on
the Gulf of Oman
Portuguese Castle on
Qeshm Island at the
Strait of Hormuz
Bushehr on Iran's
Persian Gulf Coast
Khoramshahr road in
Iran leading to Basra in
Bazargan on Iran's
border with Turkey
Norduz- on Iran's
border with Armenia
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