State of Israel is located in the Middle East of the Asian Continent, with a population of 7,590,758 , making it the 97th
largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Jerusalem with a total population of 801,000. Israel proclaimed
Jerusalem as its capital in 1950, but nearly all countries maintains their embassies in Tel Aviv which is recognized by most
of the world as their capital. The country encompasses 20,770 square kilometers making it the 154th largest country in
total area. It shares boundaries with Lebanon, West Bank, Jordan, Egypt, Gaza Strip and the Mediterranean Sea.
President Shimon Peres is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through election by the Knesset and
holds that position for seven years with no term limits. Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu is recognized as the Head of
Government and, along with Vice Prime Ministers Silvan Shalom and Moshe Ya'alon and Deputy Prime Ministers Ehud
Barak, Dan Meridor, Eliyahu Yishai and Shaul Mofaz, achieves that status following legislative elections, when the president
assigns a Knesset Member, traditionally the leader of the largest party or coalition, to form a governing coalition and holds
that position four years.
The languages commonly or officially spoken are Hebrew, Arabic and English. It counts among its major religions Jewish,
Muslim, Arab Christians, other Christians, Druze and unspecified. As sources of mass communication it has 23 AM, 15
FM, 2 Short Wave and 17 Television stations.
Major geographical features are Har Meron, its highest point at 1,208 meters and the Dead Sea, its lowest point at –408
meters. Its principal waterway is Mediterranean Sea, which measures 273 kilometers of Coastline.
Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are high-technology projects, wood and
paper products, potash and phosphates, food, beverages, tobacco, caustic soda, cement, construction, metals products,
chemical products and plastics. Its official currency is the New Israeli Shekel.
Here’s something you may not know about Israel. Jerusalem is called "The City of Gold" and at sunset you’ll find out why.
Plan to be on high ground at sunset (maybe an outdoor patio restaurant) and watch as the golden desert light does a magical
transformation on the city, bathing everything from the skyline to the Wailing Wall, turning the Dome of the Rock into a
golden globe in the night.
capital and largest city
|Tree in the middle of
the Negev Desert
Updated 20 December 2012
|Adult Prevalence Rate:
People Living with HIV/AIDS:
0.2% (2009 est.)
less than 100
|Sunrise on the Dead
Sea- Israel's lowest
southernmost point on
the Gulf of Aqaba
|Golan Heights- claimed
by Syria and occupied
|Minefield along the
border of the Golan
Heights and Syria-
|Har Meron- Israel's
|Border crossing at
Gaza and Egypt on the
border with Israel-
|Jordan River- Israel's
border with Jordan
|Lamb kebab with mint
and eggplant- a
popular Israeli dish
point on the border
|Rabbis in traditional
|Ramon Crater in the
|Tel Aviv on the
|Tel Dan- the
northernmost point of
Israeli occupied Golan
Read about human rights in Pax
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