Updated 02 November 2012
Jamaica is located in the Caribbean Sea of the North American Continent, with a population of 2,889,187, making it
the 139th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Kingston with a total population of 937,700. The
country encompasses 162,991 square kilometers making it the 165th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries
with Sandy Bay, Long Bay and the Caribbean Sea.
Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through heredity
and holds that position for life or abdication. She is represented by Governor General Dr. Patrick L. Allen. Prime
Minister Portia Simpson-Miller is recognized as the Head of Government and achieves that status following legislative
elections when the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition in the House of Representatives is
appointed Prime Minister by the Governor General and holds that position for five years. Its form of government is a
Constitutional Parliamentary Democracy and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 6th of October 1962.
The languages commonly or officially spoken are English and Patois English. It counts among its major religions
Protestant, Roman Catholic and other faiths. As sources of mass communication it has 10 AM, 13 FM and 7
Major geographical features are Blue Mountain Peak, its highest point at 2,256 meters and the Caribbean Sea, its
lowest point at 0 meters. Its principal waterway is the Caribbean Sea, which measures 1,022 kilometers of coastline.
Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are tourism, bauxite/alumina, agro-
processing, light manufacturing, rum, cement, metal, paper, chemical products and telecommunications. Its official
currency is the Jamaican Dollar.
Here’s something you may not know about Jamaica. Jamaica depends on coffee production as a vital part of it’s
economy but the whole industry started with just one tree cut from the only surviving tree to reach the French island
of Martinique in the early 1720’s. It’s considered by many experts to be the best coffee in the world.
|Ackee and Saltfish-
Jamaica's national dish
|Boats on the shore of
|Blue Mountain Peak-
Jamaica's highest point
|Cockpit Country- the
western interior of
|Coffee beans on Blue
capital and largest city
|Long Bay on the
Jamaica's lowest point
|Uno del Ocho Rios
(one of the Eight
|El Ciudad de Ocho
Rios (the city of Eight
Read about human rights in Pax
Gaea World Post Report!
easternmost point of
|Sunset at Negril on
at Port Royal
submerged in an
earthquake in 1692
|Jamaican woman in
|Adult Prevalence Rate:
People Living with HIV/AIDS:
1.7% (2009 est.)