LATVIA
Updated 25 October 2012
Republic of Latvia is located in the east of the European Continent, with a population of 2,191,580, making it the
142
nd largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Riga with a total population of 699,203. The country
encompasses 64,589 square kilometers making it the 124th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with
Estonia, Russia, Belarus, Lithuania, Baltic Sea and Gulf of Riga.

President Andris B
erzins is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through parliamentary election
and holds that position for four years. Prime Minister Valdis Dombrovskis is recognized as the Head of Government
and achieves that status through presidential appointment and holds that position four years. Its form of
government is a Parliamentary Democracy and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 15th of February
1922.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Latvian, Russian, Lithuanian and other languages. It counts
among its major religions Lutheran, Roman Catholic and Russian Orthodox. As sources of mass communication it
has 8 AM, 56 FM, 1 Short Wave and 44 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Gaizinkalns, its highest point at 312 meters and Baltic Sea, its lowest point at 0
meters. Its principal waterways are Baltic Sea, Gauja River, Lielupe River and Daugava River, which measure 300
kilometers.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are buses, vans, street and railroad
cars, synthetic fibers, agricultural machinery, fertilizers, washing machines, radios, electronics, pharmaceuticals,
processed food and textiles. Its official currency is Latvian Lat.

Here’s something you may not know about Latvia. The first known incidence of decorating a Christmas tree was in
1510 by Pagans of northern Europe in Latvia, celebrating the Winter Solstice, also known as Yule.
Riga on the Daugava
River- Latvia's capital
and largest city
Gauja River- one of
Latvia's principle
waterways
Gulf of Riga- one of
Latvia's principle
waterways
Latvian Bacon Buns
Latvian kids
Lielupe River- one of
Latvia's principle
waterways
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Diena
Monument of Freedom
View from Gaizinkalns
Old Riga
Read about human rights in Pax
Gaea
 World Post Report!
Ainazi- Latvia's border
crossing with Russia
Black Sea from Liepaja
Ezeres on Latvia's
border with Lithuania
Giazinkalns- Latvia's
highest point
Latvia- Belarus-
Russia tri-border point
Latvian folk dancers in
traditional dress
Latvia's southernmost
point on the border
with Lithuania and
Belarus
Daugavpils- Latvia's
southernmost city on
the border with
Lithuania and Belarus
Footbridge over the
Zilupe River- Latvia's
easternmost point on
the border with Russia
Rucava- Latvia's
westernmost point on
the Baltic Sea
Rujiena- Latvia's
northernmost point on
the border with Estonia
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.7% (2009 est.)

8
,600

fewer than
1,000