Lebanese Republic is located in the Middle East of the Asian Continent, with a population of 4,140,289, making it the 126th
largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Beirut with a total population of 1,900,000. The country
encompasses 10,400 square kilometers making it the 170th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with Syria,
Israel and Mediterranean Sea.
President Michel Sulayman is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through election by the National
Assembly and holds that position for 6 years. Prime Minister Tammam Salam is recognized as the Head of Government and
along with Deputy Prime Minister Samir Mogbil, achieves that status through appointment by the President in consultation
with the National Assembly and holds that position four years. By agreement, the president is a Maronite Christian, the
Prime Minister is a Sunni Muslim, and the speaker of the National Assembly is a Shi'a Muslim. Its form of government is a
republic and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 23rd of May 1926.
The languages commonly or officially spoken are Arabic, French, English and Armenian. It counts among its major
religions Muslim and other. As sources of mass communication it has 20 AM, 22 FM, 4 Short Wave and 15 Television
Major geographical features are Qurnat as Sawda', its highest point at 3,088 meters and Mediterranean Sea, its lowest point
at 0 meters. Its principal waterway is Mediterranean Sea, which measures 225 kilometers of coastline.
Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are banking, tourism, food processing,
jewelry, cement, textiles, mineral and chemical production, wood and furniture production, oil refining and metal
production. Its official currency is Lebanese pound.
Here’s something you may not know about Lebanon. The Phoenicians, the ancient Lebanese, developed an alphabetical
script in 1,100 B.C.E. They did so to facilitate their prosperous trade further.
capital and largest city
|Lebanon Beach on the
Lebanon's lowest point
|Litani River Dam in the
|Qurnat as Sawda' in
Updated 07 April 2013
|Adult Prevalence Rate:
People Living with HIV/AIDS:
0.1% (2009 est.)
less then 500
|Mount Hermon in the
|Beino in Akkar-
northernmost point on
the border with Syria
Lebanese chicken dish
and pine nuts
easternmost point on the
Mediterranean Sea and
|Temple of Bacchus in
easternmost point on
the border with Syria
southernmost point on
the border with
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