Kingdom of Lesotho is an exclave of South Africa which is located in the south of the African Continent, with a population
of 1,930,493, making it the 14
8th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Maseru with a total population of
227,880. The country encompasses 30,355 square kilometers making it the 14
2nd largest country in total area. It shares
boundaries with South Africa.

King Letsie III is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through heredity and holds that position at the
will of the Council of Chiefs.
His Heir Apparent is Prince Lerotholi Seeiso. The monarch is a "living symbol of national
unity" with no executive or legislative powers. Under traditional law the College of Chiefs has the power to depose the
monarch, determine who is next in the line of succession, or who shall serve as regent in the event that the successor is not
of mature age. Prime Minister Thomas Motsoahae T
habane is recognized as the Head of Government and achieves that
status as the leader of the majority party who automatically becomes Prime Minister and holds that position five years. Its
form of government is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 2nd
of April 1993.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Sesotho, English, Zulu and Xhosa. It counts among its major religions
Christian and indigenous beliefs. As sources of mass communication it has 1 AM, 2 FM, 1 Short Wave and 1 Television
stations.

Major geographical features are Thabana Ntlenyana, its highest point at 3,482 meters and the junction of the Orange and
Makhaleng Rivers, its lowest point at 1,400 meters. Its principal waterway is the Orange River, which measures 90
kilometers.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are food, beverages, textiles, apparel
assembly, handicrafts, construction and tourism. Its official currencies are the Lesotho Loti and the South African Rand.

Here’s something you may not know about Lesotho. Basutoland was renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho upon independence
from the UK in 1966.
Maletsunyane Falls
Bushmen paintings
near Ha Baroana
Blankets and
headscarves are
Lesotho's traditional
attire
Elephant drinking at
the Orange River/
Makhaleng River
Junction- Lesotho's
lowest point
Maseru- Lesotho's
largest city and capital
Mohale Lake fed by
the Caledon River
Ribaneng Falls near
Malealea Lodge
Meluti Mountains- the
northernmost point of
Lesotho
Qiloane Mountain in
Thaba Bosdiu inspired
by the conical straw
hats
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Thabana Ntlenyana-  
Lesotho's highest point
LESOTHO
Updated 09 March 2013
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
23.6% (2009 est.)

290,000

1
4,000
Easter Bunny Rock
near Maletsunyane
Falls
Tradtional bread and
crackers from South
Africa
Qiloane Falls
Mafetang- the
westernmost point of
Lesotho
Mohales Hoek near
Quthing- Lesotho's
southernmost point
Drakensberg
Mountains near
Mokhotlong- Lesotho's
easternmost point
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