Updated 18 October 2012
Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is located in the west of the European Continent, with a population of 509,074,
making it the 17
3rd largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Luxembourg with a total population of
94,034. The country encompasses 2,586 square kilometers making it the 175th largest country in total area. It
shares boundaries with Belgium, Germany and France.

Grand Duke Henri is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through heredity and holds that
position for life or abdication. His Heir Apparent is Prince Guillaume.  Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker is
recognized as the Head of Government and, along with Deputy Prime Minister Jean Asselborn, achieves that status
through recommendation by the Council of Ministers and appointment by the monarch. Its form of government is a
constitutional monarchy and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 17th of October 1868.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Luxembourgish, German and French. It counts among its major
religions Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jewish and Muslim. As sources of mass communication it has 2 AM, 9 FM,
2 Short Wave and 5 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Buurgplaatz, its highest point at 559 meters and Moselle River, its lowest point at
133 meters. Its principal waterway is Moselle River, which measures 37 kilometers.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are banking and insurance services,
iron and steel, information technology, telecommunications, cargo transportation, food processing, chemicals,
metal products, engineering, tires, glass, aluminum and tourism. Its official currency is Euro.

Here’s something you may not know about Luxembourg. Luxembourg is the only Grand Duchy in the world.
Tower on Buurgplaatz-
Luxembourg's highest
point on its northern
border with Belgium
Cathedral of Notre
Luxembourg's Grand
Duke Palace
Lake Haute Sure
Luxembourg- the
nation's capital and  
largest city
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Luxemburger Wort

Latzebuerger Journal
Speciality dishes of
Luxembourg include
Thuringer (spiced
sausage), ham and
Kach Keis (cooked
Sure River which
bisects Luxembourg
Moselle River-
Luxembourg's lowest
point and waterway
Vianden Castle on the
Our River
Read about human rights in Pax
World Post Report!
Chateau Schengen at
Luxembourg's border
with Germany and
Luxembourger folk
dancers in traditional
Mertert on
Luxembourg's border
with Germany
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.3% (2009 est.)

less than

less than 100
Little Switzerland at
easternmost point in
Natural Park
westernmost point on
the border with Belgium
southernmost point on
the border with France
northernmost point on
the border with Belgium