Republic of Madagascar is located in the south Indian Ocean of the African Continent, with a population of 22,599,098,
making it the 52nd largest national population. Its capital and largest city is
Antananarivo with a total population of
1,918,117. The country encompasses 587,041 square kilometers making it the 47th largest country in total area. It shares
boundaries with the Indian Ocean.

Andry Nirina Rajoelina has declared himself President and assumed the titles of Chief of State following a coup ending 17
March 2009, leading to the resignation of President Marc Ravalomanana and Prime Minister Charles Rabemananjara.
Opposing parties have agreed to recognize Rajoelina as President and Chief of State . Prime Minister Jean Omer Beriziky is
recognized as the Head of Government and, along with Deputy Prime
Ministers Hajo Andrianainarivelo and Pierrot
Botozaza, achieved that status through the establish of a "unity" cabinet formed
by rival parties. Under the agreement,
Rajoelina will not stand for reelection in upcoming presidential contest Its form of
government is a republic and they
celebrate the creation of their constitution on 11 December 2010.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are French and Malagasy. It counts among its major religions indigenous
beliefs, Christian and Muslim. As sources of mass communication it has 2 AM, 9 FM, 6 Short Wave and 1 Television

Major geographical features are Maromokotro, its highest point at 2,876 meters and the Indian Ocean, its lowest point at 0
meters. Its principal waterway is the Indian Ocean and Mozambique Channel, which measures 600 kilometers.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are meat processing, seafood, soap,
breweries, tanneries, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile assembly plant, paper, petroleum and tourism. Its
official currency is Madagascar Ariary.

Here’s something you may not know about Madagascar. Madagascar’s largest predator-the Fossa- has a cat-like body but
a dog-like nose however it is neither a cat nor a dog. This endangered animal is actually a close cousin of the mongoose.
Indian Ocean looking
towards Comoros-
Madagascar's lowest
Traditional Romazava-
a mixed meat stew that
is Madagascar's
national dish served
over rice made with
zebu meat
Madagascar hissing
Mozambique Channel
Abi's Home Page
Back to
Updated 05 April 2013
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.2% (2009 est.)


Fossa- a species
unique to Madagascar
Antananarivo at
sunset- Madagascar's
and largest city
Ring Tailed Lemur
Masola National Park
Madagascar's highest
Monster Chameleon
Tenrec- a kind of
hedgehog found only
in Madagascar
Malagasy lady in a
lamba- the traditional
dress of Madagascar
Antalaha- the
easternmost point of
Madagascar on the
Indian Ocean
Cap Sainte-Marie-
southernmost point
Iles Glorieuses- an
island chain north of
Madagascar claimed
by France in the
Comoros chain
Morombe Bay-
westernmost point on
Mozambique Channel
Pirate cemetery on Ile
Sainte-Marie off
Madagascar's east
Cap d'Ambre-
northernmost point
Read about human rights in Pax
Gaea World Post Report!