Islamic Republic of Mauritania is located in the north of the African Continent, with a population of 3,359,185, making it
the 13
3rd largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Nouakchott with a total population of 881,000. The
country encompasses 1,030,700 square kilometers making it the 29th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries
with Western Sahara, Algeria, Mali, Senegal and the North Atlantic Ocean.

President of the High Council of State General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz became Chief of State when he deposed
President Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdellahi in a bloodless coup on 6 August 2008. Prime Minister Moulaye Ould Mohamed
Laghdaf is recognized as the Head of Government when he replaced Zeine Ould Zeidane  who was deposed along with
President Abdellahi who had been duly elected on 19 April 2007. Its form of government is a republic and they celebrate the
creation of their constitution on 12th of July 1991. A special election was held on July 18, 2009 where by in which Abdel
Aziz was certified. Election commission head Sid'Ahmed Ould Deye resigned following formal opposition complaints and
an appeal lodged with Mauritania’s Constitutional Court. Foreign observers were satisfied with the conduct of the election,
and following Deye's resignation, the Court validated the result with Abdul Aziz securing 52% of the vote.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Arabic, Pulaar, Soninke, French, Hassaniya and Wolof. It counts among
its major religion Muslim. As sources of mass communication it has 1 AM, 14 FM, 1 Short Wave and 1 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Kediet Ijill, its highest point at 915 meters and Sebkhet Te-n-Dghamcha, its lowest point at
–5 meters. Its principal waterway is the North Atlantic Ocean, which measures 754 meters.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are fish processing and mining of iron ore
and gypsum. Its official currency is the Mauritanian Ouguiya.

Here’s something you may not know about Mauritania. Most of the population is concentrated in the cities of Nouakchott
and Nouadhib.
Elephants on the
Senegal border
Mauritanian mothers
and babies
The Senegal River
which forms the border
of Mauritania and
The Sahara
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Updated 12 December 2012
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.7% (2009 est.)


less them 1,000
Kediet Ijill- Mauritania's
highest point
Te-n-Dghamcha -
Mauritania's lowest
Mauritania's capital
and largest city
northernmost point on
the tri-border with
Western Sahara and
Bir Moghrein-
northernmost town
near the border with
Western Sahara
Mauritania ladies in
traditional dress
Mechoui- a
Mauritanian dish of
marinated whole
roasted lamb
Rich Mountains-
easternmost point of
Mauritania on the
border with Algeria and
Kankossa market on
Mauritania's southern
border with Mali
Selibaby- Mauritania's
southernmost point on
the border with Mali
and Senegal
Rosso- on Mauritania's
border with Senegal
Zouerat near Kediet Ijill
Ship graveyard at
Dakhlet Nouadhibou
on the Atlantic Coast
Nouadhibou on Cabo
Blanco- Mauritania's
westernmost point on
the border with
Western Sahara
Paris-Dakar Rally Car
in the mountains of
before they
moved the race to
South America
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