S
Republic of Mauritius is located off the southeast coast of the African Continent, with a population of 1,313,095, making it
the 15
5th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Port Louis with a total population of 137,608. The
country encompasses 2,040 square kilometers making it the 1
81st largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with
the Indian Ocean.

President Rajkeswur Kailash P
urryag is recognized as the Chief of State and, along with Vice President Monique Ohsan-
Bellepeau, achieves that status through election of the National Assembly and holds that position for five-year term and is
eligible for a second term. Prime Minister Navinchandra Ramgoolam is recognized as the Head of Government and achieves
that status through appointment by the president and is responsible to the National Assembly and holds that position five
years. Its form of government is a parliamentary democracy and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 12th of
March 1968.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Creole, Bhojpuri, French, English and other and unspecified tongues. It
counts among its major religions Hindu, Roman Catholic, Muslim, other Christian and other unspecified and no faith. As
sources of mass communication it has 4 AM, 9 FM and 2 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Mont Piton, its highest point at 828 meters and the Indian Ocean, its lowest point at 0
meters. Its principal waterway is Indian Ocean, which measures 177 kilometers of coastline.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are food processing, textiles, clothing,
mining, chemicals, metal products, transport equipment, non-electrical machinery and tourism. Its official currency is
Mauritian Rupee.

Here’s something you may not know about Mauritius. Although known to Arab and Malay sailors as early as the 10th
century, Mauritius was first explored by the Portuguese in 1505.
Curepipe
Flat Island
Mont Piton- the highest
point of Mauritius
Prince Maurice Beach
on the Indian Ocean-
the lowest point and
waterway of Mauritius
Rose Hill
Round Island
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MAURITIUS
Updated 21 February 2013
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
1% (2009 est.)

8,800

less then
500
Port Louis- the capital
and largest city of
Mauritius
The Bay of Tamarin
Banana leaves and the
Seven Colored Earth-
a traditional dish
Mauritius dancers in
traditional dress
Cap Malheureux- the
northernmost point of
Mauritius
Gris Gris- wave
waterfalls common on
Mauritius
Ile aux Cerfs Beach-
the easternmost point
of Mauritius
La Morne Brabant- the
westernmost point of
Mauritius
Mare aux Vacoas- the
largest lake on
Mauritius
Parrot on Serpent
Island- the
northernmost islet of
Mauritius
Rock climbing on
Gunner's Quoin island
Souillac- the
southernmost point of
Mauritius
Waterfalls abound on
Mauritius
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