Republic of Moldova is located in the east of the European Continent, with a population of 3,656,843, making it the 130th
largest national population. Its capital and largest city
Chisinau with a total population of 794,800. The country
encompasses 33,8
51 square kilometers making it the 140th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with Ukraine
and Romania.
The region to the east of the Dneiper River formed the break-away Transnistria region, which remains under
the auspices of an Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe-mandated peacekeeping mission comprised of
Moldovan, Transnistrian, Russian, and Ukrainian troops. Yevgeny Vasylovych Shevchuk is recognized as the Chirf of State
and and achieved that status via popular vote and holds that position for five years. Pyotr Petrovich Stepanov is the Head of
Government and achieved that status through appointment by the President.

President Nicolae T
imofti is recognized as the Chief of State and achieved that status by election of the Parliament and
holds that position for four years and is eligible for a second term
.  Prime Minister Vladimir Filat is recognized as the Head
of Government and, along with Deputy Prime Minister
s Iurie Leanca, Valeriu Lazar, Eugen Carpov and Mihai Moldovanu,
achieves that status through designation by the President upon consultation with parliament followed by a Vote of
Confidence and holds that position four years. Its form of government is a republic and they celebrate the creation of their
constitution on 29th of July 1994.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Moldovan, Russian and Gagauz. It counts among its major religions
Eastern Orthodox, Jewish, Baptist and other faiths. As sources of mass communication it has 2 AM, 29 FM and 40
Television stations.

Major geographical features are Dealul Balanesti, its highest point at 430 meters and Dniester River, its lowest point at 2
meters. Its principal waterway is Dniester River, which measures 424 kilometers.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are sugar, vegetable oil, food processing,
agricultural machinery; foundry equipment, refrigerators and freezers, washing machines; hosiery, shoes and textiles. Its
official currency is Moldovan Leu.

Here’s something you may not know about Moldova. The poorest nation in Europe, Moldova became the first former
Soviet state to elect a Communist as its president in 2001.
Balti near the Ruat
Church in Calarisi near
Dealul Balanesti their
high point
Girl in traditional
Moldovan clothes
Parjoale- a Moldavian
dish of veal meatballs
with Risotto
Nistru River
Chisinau at night-
Moldova's capital and
largest city
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Updated 01 February 2013
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.4% (2009 est.)


less then 1
Prut River along
Moldova's border with
Soroca Castle
Dniester River from the
bluff near Tartaruca
Noua village-
Moldova's lowest point
Dealul Balanesti-
Moldova's highest point
Criva- Moldova's
westernmost point on
the borders with
Romanian and Ukraine
Gaugauz Yuri- a
independent republic
in southern Moldova
Lacui Costesti-Stinca
on Moldova's border
with Romania
Lipcani on Moldova's
border with Ukraine
Ocnita- Moldova's
northernmost point on
the border with Ukraine
Togai Bog Reserve
near Olanesti-
Moldova's easternmost
point on the border
with Ukraine
Gurgiulesti- Moldova's
southernmost point on
the border with Ukraine
Rybnitsa in
Transnistria on
Moldova's eastern
border with Ukraine
Ungheni on Moldova's
border with Romania
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Briceni in northern