Updated 05 September 2012
Mongolia is located in the North of the Asian Continent, with a population of 3,179,997, making it the 135th largest
national population. Its capital and largest city is
Ulaanbaatar with a total population of 1,221,000. The country
encompasses 1,564,116 square kilometers making it the 19th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with
Russia and China.

President Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status as a candidate
nominated by political parties represented in the State Great Hural and elected by popular vote, holds that position
for a four year term and is eligible for a second term. Prime Minister Norov A
ltnkhuyag is recognized as the Head
of Government and, along with Deputy Prime Minister Miegombyn Enkhbold, achieves that status following
legislative elections, when the leader of majority party or majority coalition is usually elected prime minister by State
Great Hural. Its form of government is a mixed Parliamentary / Presidential system and they celebrate the creation
of their constitution on 12th of February 1992.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Khalkha Mongol, Turkic and Russian. It counts among its major
religions Buddhist Lamaist, none, Shamanist and Christian. As sources of mass communication it has 7 AM, 62
FM, 3 Short Wave and 52 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Nayramadlin Orgil, its highest point at 4,374 meters and Hoh Nuur, its lowest point
at 518 meters. Its principal waterway is Lake Hovsgol, which measures 103 kilometers.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are construction/ construction
materials, mining, oil, food and beverages and processing animal products. Its official currency is the Mongolian
togrog/ tugriks.

Here’s something you may not know about Mongolia. Przewalski’s horse was once indigenous to Mongolia but
became extinct in the wild. Zoos worldwide are trying to save these through breeding and a program re-introduced
these horses back in the Mongolian wild.
Przewalski's Horse
running free on the
Camels in the Gobi
Ganden Monastery
Mongolian gars
(pronounced "yurts")
Orkhon River Falls on
the Steppes-
Mongolia's biggest
Mongolian baby in a
Abi's Home Page
Back to
Government Web Portal


Mongolia Today

UB Post

Uvs Nuur- a desert
lake in the Northwest
of Mongolia
Camels grazing before
Hoh Nuur (Blue Lake)-
Mongolia's lowest point
Mongolia's capital and
largest city
Khuushuur- a meat
dumpling and a
favorite Mongolian dish
Nayramadlin Orgil-
Mongolia's highest and
westernmost point on
the tri-border with
Russia and China
Deel- traditional
Mongolian dress
Read about human rights in Pax
World Post Report!
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
less than 0.1% *2009 est.)

less than 500

less than
Altay Mountains which
form Mongolia's
southwest border with
Beier Nuur- Mongolia's
easternmost point on
the border with China
southernmost city near
the border with China
Lake Hovsgol National
Park- Mongolia's
northernmost point on
the border with Russia