Updated 19 November 2012
Nepal is located in the south of the Asian Continent, with a population of 29,890,686, making it the 41st largest
national population. Its capital and largest city is
Kathmandu with a total population of 1,006,656. The country
encompasses 147,181 square kilometers making it the 93rd largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with
China, Bangladesh and India.

President Ram Baran Yadav is recognized as the Chief of State and, along with Vice President Paramananda Jha,
achieves that status through Parliamentary election. Prime Minister Baburam B
hattarai is recognized as the Head of
Government and, along with Deputy Prime Minister
s Bijay Kumar Gachhedar and Narayan Kaji Shrestha, achieves that
status as leaders of the majority party or coalition. Its form of government is a Parliamentary Democracy and they
celebrate the creation of their constitution on 9th of October 1990 though the government promulgated an interim
constitution in May 2006.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Nepali, Maithali, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Tamang, Newar, Magar, Awadhi,
other and unspecified languages. It counts among its major religions Hindu, Buddhist, Muslim, Kirant and other faiths.
As sources of mass communication it has 6 AM, 5 FM, 1 Short Wave and 1 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Mount Everest, its highest point at 8,850 meters and Kanchan Kalan, its lowest point
at 70 meters. Its principal waterways are lowland rivers leading into India and Bangladesh, only navigable by native
craft, which measure approximately 50 kilometers.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are tourism, carpet, textile, small rice,
jute, sugar, oilseed mills, cigarettes, cement and brick production. Its official currency is the Nepalese Rupee.

Here’s something you may not know about Nepal. Nepal contains eight of the world’s ten highest peaks including
Everest and Kanchenjunga-the world’s tallest and third tallest peaks located on the borders with China and India.
Crocodile in Royal
Chitwan National Park
Kathmandu- Nepal's
capital and largest city
Elephants in Royal
Chitwan National Park
Nepalese market
Kali River
Kosi River
Mount Everest- the
highest point of Nepal
...and Planet Earth!
Karnali River
Abi's Home Page
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Narayani River
Nepalese women in
traditional dress
Rhino at Royal
Chitwan National Park
Royal Bengal Tiger in
Royal Bardia National
Sagarmatha National
Park entrance
Read about human rights in Pax
World Post Report!
Between Sandakphu
and Phulat along
Nepal's border with
Chariot procession in
Biratnagar marking
Krisha's birthday-
Nepal's southernmost
Humla village in the
northwest of Simkot
near the Chinese
frontier- Nepal's
northernmost point
Fertile farm land of
Kanchan Kalan-
Nepal's lowest point
Friendship Bridge at
Kodari which connects
Nepal to China
Stupa in Nepal's
Lumbini- the birthplace
of Siddhartha
Gautama Buddha
Tanakpur Barrage-
Nepal's westernmost
Tea field in Ilam-
Nepal's easternmost
Daal Bhat- a traditional
Nepalese dish of rice
and lentils with yak
Kanchenjunga- the
world's third tallest
peak on the border
with India
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.4% (2009 est.)