Updated 15 September 2012
Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies is located in the southwest of the Oceania Continent, with a
population of 260,166, making it the 182nd largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Noumea with a
total population of 97,579. The country encompasses 19,060 square kilometers making it the 154th largest country
in total area. It shares boundaries with the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean.
President of France Francois Hollande is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through popular
vote and holds that position for five years. He is represented by High Commissioner Albert Dupuy. President of the
Government Harold Martin is recognized as the Head of Government and achieves that status through election by
the Territorial Congress and holds that position five years with no term limits. Its form of government is a territorial
collectivity of France and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 4th of October 1958.
The languages commonly or officially spoken are French and Melanesian-Polynesian dialects. It counts among its
major religions Roman Catholic, Protestant and other faiths. As sources of mass communication it has 1 AM, 5 FM
and 6 Television stations.
Major geographical features are Mont Panie, its highest point at 1,628 meters and Pacific Ocean, its lowest point at
0 meters. Its principal waterway is South Pacific Ocean, which measures 2,254 kilometers of coastline.
Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are nickel mining and smelting. Its
official currency is Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique Franc
Here’s something you may not know about New Caledonia. New Caledonia is one of ten overseas departments of
France and is in the midst of seeking recognition by the United Nations as an independent country.
|Cathedral in Wi on the
|Waterfall near Mont
|Steamed Clams- a New
and largest city
|Road on the Isle of
|Mont Panie- New
|Ouaième River mouth
emptying into the
Pacific Ocean- New
Read about human rights in Pax
Gaea World Post Report!
|Adult Prevalence Rate:
People Living with HIV/AIDS:
|Art Island- New
|Carvings at Vao on the
Ile de Pins- the
southernmost point of
the New Caledonia
|Iles Belep- the
westernmost of the
New Caledonia islands
|Kanak dancers in
|Natural Aquarium at
Kurewikaw on Ile Mare-
|Ouegoa in northern