Republic of Nicaragua is located in the center of the North American Continent, with a population of 5,727,707, making it
the 10
8th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Managua with a total population of 2,408,000. The
country encompasses 130,370 square kilometers making it the 9
8th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with
Honduras, Caribbean Sea, Coast Rica and the South Pacific Ocean.

President Daniel Ortega Saavedra is recognized as the Chief of State and Head of Government and, along with Vice
President Moises Omar H
alleslevens Acevedo, achieves that status through popular vote and holds that position for five
years and is eligible for a second term as long as it is not consecutive. Its form of government is a republic and they
celebrate the creation of their constitution on 9th of January 1987.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Spanish, Miskito and other tongues. It counts among its major religions
Roman Catholic, Evangelical, Moravian, Episcopal and other and no faiths. As sources of mass communication it has 63
AM, 32 FM, 1 Short Wave and 3 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Mogoton, its highest point at 2,438 meters and the Pacific Ocean, its lowest point at 0
meters. Its principal waterways are Lagos Managua and Nicaragua, the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea, which measures
2,200 kilometers.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are food processing, chemicals, machinery
and metal products, textiles, clothing, petroleum refining and distribution, beverages, footwear and wood. Its official
currency is the Nicaraguan Gold Cordoba.

Here’s something you may not know about Nicaragua. Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America and contains the
largest freshwater body in Central America, Lago de Nicaragua
Lago de Nicaragua-
Nicaragua's principle
Rio San Juan which
forms Nicaragua's
southern border with
Costa Rica
Monkey Point on the
Caribbean Sea
Cloud forest on Maderas
Sunset on the Pacific
Ocean- Nicaragua's
lowest point
Mombacho Volcano on
Lago de Nicaragua
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Updated 03 February 2013
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.2% (2007 est.)


less then 500
Coco River which
forms part of
Nicaragua's northern
border with Honduras
Bluefields Ship Bay on
the Caribbean Sea
Ometepe Island on
Lago de Nicaragua
Maderas Volcano on
Lago de Nicaragua
Managua- Nicaragua's
capital and largest city
Mogoton- Nicaragua's
highest point
Rice and pinto beans,
fried plantains, grilled
plantains, cheese
chicken and salad
Nicaraguan traditional
Zapatera Volcano-
Part of the Zapatera
Archipelago on Lago
de Cocibolca
Big Corn Island on the
Caribbean Sea
Corn Island Boa
Little Corn Island
Unnamed shipwreck off
Little Corn Island
Cabo Gracias a Dios
along the Mosquito
Coast on the border of
Honduras- Nicaragua's
northern and
easternmost point
Los Guatuzos on
Nicaragua's border
with Costa Rica
San Juan del Norte-
southernmost point on
the border with Costa
Point Cosiguina on the
Pacific Coast and the
Gulf of Fonseca-
westernmost point
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