Updated 07 November 2012
Republic of Panama is located in the southeast of the North American Continent, with a population of 3,510,045,
making it the 13
2nd largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Panama City with a total population of
880,691. The country encompasses 78,200 square kilometers making it the 118th largest country in total area. It
shares boundaries with Caribbean Sea, Colombia, the North Pacific Ocean and Costa Rica.

President Ricardo Martinelli Berrocal is recognized as the Chief of State and Head of Government, and along with Vice
President Juan Carlos Varela, achieves that status through popular vote and holds that position for five years. Its form
of government is a constitutional democracy and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 11th of October

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Spanish and English. It counts among its major religions Roman
Catholic and Protestant. As sources of mass communication it has 101 AM, 134 FM and 38 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Volcan Baru, its highest point at 3,475 meters and the Pacific Ocean, its lowest point
at 0 meters. Its principal waterways are the Panama Canal, Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea, which measure 800

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are construction, brewing, cement
and other construction materials and sugar milling. Its official currencies are the Panamanian Balboa and the United
States Dollar.

Here’s something you may not know about Panama. Ships traveling between New York and San Francisco save
7,872 miles by using the Panama Canal instead of going around Cape Horn of South America.
Chucunague River
which flows from
Colombia into Panama
through the Darien Gap
David on the Pacific
Ocean's Gulf  of
Darien National Park in
the southernmost
region of Panama
Dirt road through the
Darien Gap on
Panama's border with
Panamanian lunch
table featuring
Carimanolas (Stuffed
Yuca Fritters) and
Ceviche de Pollo
(Chicken Ceviche)
Panamanian girls
submarine off the
coast of one of the
Pearl Islands in the
Pacific Ocean-
Panama's lowest point
Survivor Pearl Islands
group photo
Panama City-
Panama's capital and
largest city
Abi's Home Page
Back to
The Pacific entrance
into the Panama Canal
at Balboa
Volcan Baru-
Panama's highest point
Read about human rights in Pax
World Post Report!
Bocas del Toro Islands
on the Caribbean Sea
Railroad bridge
connecting Panama to
Costa Rica
Colon- the Caribbean
entrance of the
Panama Canal
Fillekunas native girl
on San Blas Island
Isla Escuado de
Veraguas in the Golfo
de los Mosquitos
Colonial fortifications
at Portobelo San
Lorenzo on Panama's
Caribbean Sea  
Playa Horcones on
Puente Cerro Hoya-
southernmost point on
the Colombian border
San Blas Island on the
Caribbean Sea
Yaviza at the end of
the Pan-American
Highway at the
northern end of the
Darien Gap
Indigenous Kuna
women in traditional
Galeta Point Marine
Laboratory- Panama's
northernmost point on
the Caribbean Sea
Altos de Limon-
Panama's easternmost
point in the Darien
Gap on the border with
Punta Barica-
Panama's westernmost
point on the Pacific
Ocean and border of
Costa Rica
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.9% (2009 est.)