Updated 08 September 2012
Independent State of Papua New Guinea is located in the west of the Oceania Continent, with a population of
6,310,129, making it the 105th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is
Port Moresby with a total
population of 307,643. The country encompasses 462,840 square kilometers making it the 54th largest country in total
area. It shares boundaries with the Pacific Ocean, Bismarck Sea, Solomon Sea, Huan Gulf, Coral Sea, Gulf of Papua,
Torres Strait and Indonesia.

Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through heredity
and holds that position for life or abdication. She is represented by Governor General Michael
Ogio. Prime Minister
Peter Paire O'N
eill is recognized as the Head of Government and, along with Deputy Prime Minister Leo Dyon,
achieves that status through Legislative elections when the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority
coalition is usually appointed Prime minister by the Governor General and holds that position for four years. Its form
of government is a constitutional parliamentary democracy and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 16th
of September 1975.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Melanesian Pidgin, as the lingua franca, English, which is spoken by
1%-2%, and Motu which is spoken in Papua region. It counts among its major religions Roman Catholic, Lutheran,
Presbyterian, Methodist, London Missionary Society, Anglican, Evangelical Alliance, Seventh Day Adventist, other
protestant and indigenous beliefs. As sources of mass communication it has 8 AM, 19 FM, 28 Short Wave and 3
Television stations.

Major geographical features are Mount Wilhelm, its highest point at 4,509 meters and Pacific Ocean, its lowest point
at 0 meters. Its principal waterways are Gulf of Papua and the Huan Gulf, which measure 10,940 kilometers.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are copra crushing, palm oil
processing, plywood production, wood chip production, mining of gold, silver, and copper, crude oil production,
petroleum refining, construction and tourism. Its official currency is the Papua New Guinea Kina.

Here’s something you may not know about Papua New Guinea. The Hooded Pitohai bird, which is found in Papua
New Guinea, has poison in its feathers and skin.
A cruise ship on the
Bismarck Sea
Meat smoking at a
Lae on the Huan Gulf
in the Western
Mount Hagen
Mount Tavuvur on New
Britain Island on the
Bismarck Sea
Mount Wilhelm- Papua
New Guinea's highest
Port Moresby- Papua
New Guinea's capital
and largest city
Shipwreck of the Dar
Yang off the coast of
Kavieng on New
Ireland island
Papua New Guinea
Abi's Home Page
Back to
The Gulf of Papua
Mumu- a traditional
Papua New Guinean
feast pf pork, sweet
potatoes, rice and
Daru Island- Papua
New Guinea's
southernmost island on
the Torres Strait
Village of Kieta on
Bougainville Island on
the Solomon Sea
New Ireland Island
singers in traditional
Vanimo on the
Bismarck Sea- Papua
New Guinea's
northernmost mainland
point on the
Indonesian border
Read about human rights in Pax
World Post Report!
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.9% (2009 est.)


Alotu- the easternmost
point of mainland
Papua New Guinea on
Milne Bay
National Park on the
Islands of Papua New
Daru on the Torres
Strait looking towards
Saibai Island- a
possession of Australia
Kimbe on New Britain
Island on the Bismarck
Lake Murray- Papua
New Guinea's
westernmost point on
the border with
Mende in Papua New
Guinea's Southern
Mussau Island- Papua
New Guinea's
northernmost point in
the Bismarck Islands
Fisherman on Tagula
(Sudest) Island- Papua
New Guinea's
southernmost on the
Solomon Sea
Buin Village on
Bougainville Island-
Papua New Guinea's
easternmost point near
the border with the
Solomon Islands