Updated 17 August 2012
Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands is located in the southeast of the Oceania Continent, with a population
of 48, making it the 238th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Adamstown with a total population
of 48 and has the distinction as the smallest national capital in the world.. The country encompasses 47 square
kilometers with five islands (4 of which are uninhabited) making it the 230th largest country in total area. It shares
boundaries with Bounty Bay, Gudgeon Harbour, John Mill’s Harbour, and Western Harbour.
Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through heredity
and holds that position for life or abdication. She is represented by Governor Victoria M. Treadell and Commissioner
Leslie Jaques who achieve that status through appointment by the monarch. Governor Victoria M. Treadell and Mayor
and Chairman of the Island Council Mike Warren are recognized as the Heads of Government. The Governor achieves
that status through monarchical appoint and the Chairman is elected by popular vote and holds that position for three
years. Its form of government is an Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom and they celebrate the creation of their
constitution on 30th of November 1838, though a new constitution was adopted on 17 February 2010.
The languages commonly or officially spoken are English and Pitcairnese. It counts among its major religions Seventh
Day Adventist. As sources of mass communication it has 1 AM.
Major geographical features are Pawala Valley Ridge, its highest point at 347 meters and the Pacific Ocean, its lowest
point at 0 meters. Its principal waterways are the Pacific Ocean and Bounty Bay, which measure 51 kilometers of
Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are postage stamps, handicrafts,
beekeeping and honey. Its official currency is New Zealand Dollar.
Here’s something you may not know about Pitcairn Islands. The Pitcairn Islands were discovered in 1790 by The
Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions. Pitcairn was the first Pacific Island to become a British colony in
1838 and today remains the last vestige of that empire in the South Pacific.
Islands' capital and
|Anchor of the wreck of
|The wreck of The HMS
|Rock Paintings at the
Descendants of the
|The island of Pitcairn
on the South Pacific
Islands' lowest point
|View from Lookout
Point on Pawala Valley
|Ducie Island- Pitcairn
|Pawala Valley Ridge-
|Oeno Island- Pitcairn
and westernmost point
|Adult Prevalence Rate:
People Living with HIV/AIDS:
Read about human rights in Pax
Gaea World Post Report!