Romania is located in the southeast of the European Continent, with a population of 21,848,504, making it the 56th largest
national population. Its capital and largest city is
Bucharest with a total urban population of  2,151,880. The country
encompasses 238,391 square kilometers making it the 83
rd largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with Ukraine,
Moldova, the Black Sea, Bulgaria, Serbia and Hungary.

President Traian Basescu is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through popular vote and holds that
position for five years and is eligible for a second term
President Basescu has had two suspensions to his presidency since
assuming the post on 20 December 2004, the first from 20 April-23 May 2007, the second from 6 July-27 August 2012; he
survived a referendum on both occasions,
Prime Minister Victor-Viorel Ponta is recognized as the Head of Government
and, along with Deputy Prime Minister
s Daniel Chitoiu, Liviu Dragnea and Gabriel Oprea, achieves that status through
appointment by the president with consent of the Parliament and holds that position for five years. Its form of government
is a republic and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 8th of December 1991.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Romanian, Hungarian and German. It counts among its major religions
Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, Roman Catholic and other, unspecified and no faiths. As sources of mass communication it
has 40 AM, 202 FM, 3 Short Wave and 98 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Moldoveanu, its highest point at 2,544 meters and Black Sea, its lowest point at 0 meters.
Its principal waterways are the Olt River, Danube River and the Prut River, which measure about 1,731 kilometers.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are textiles and footwear, light machinery
and auto assembly, mining, timber, construction materials, metallurgy, chemicals, food processing and petroleum refining.
Its official currency is the Romanian Leu.

Here’s something you may not know about Romania. The people of Romania like to eat meatballs (mititei), porridge
(mamalia), and they like to drink wine and plum brandy.
Bran Castle- the
reputed home of
Pub in Arad in western
Danube River along
Romania's southern
Mount Moldoveanu-
Romania's highest
Northern Carpathian
Prut River- Romania's
northernmost point on
the border with
Pyrenees in Prislop
Pass (1,416 m)
Northern Transylvania
traditional house
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Romanian Children
Sibiu in central
Mamaliga- a Romanian
dish made of corn meal
Updated 14 January 2013
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
less than 0.1%

6,000 (2009 est.)

less than 100
Sighetu Marmatiei city
buildings on Romania's
border with Ukraine
The Olt River
Triumph Arch of
Tomis Bay in
Constanta on the
Black Sea- Romania's
lowest point
Beba Veche-
westernmost point on
the border with
Hungary and Serbia
Prut river- Romania's
northernmost point on
the border with
Moldova and Ukraine
Zimnicea- Romania's
southernmost point on
the border with Bulgaria
Sulina- Romania's
easternmost point on
the Danube River
Tulcea on the Black
Bucharest- Romania's
capital and largest city
Romanian folk dancers
in traditional dress
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Lush green valley in
the Transylvanian Alps