Republic of Sierra Leone is located in the west of the African Continent, with a population of 5,485,998, making it the
2th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Freetown with a total population of 1,200,000. The
country encompasses 71,740 square kilometers making it the 119th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries
with Guinea, Liberia and the North Atlantic Ocean.

President Ernest Bai Koroma is recognized as the Chief of State and Head of Government and, along with Vice
President Samuel Sam-Sumana, achieves that status through popular vote and holds that position for five years and is
eligible for a second term. Its form of government is a constitutional democracy and they celebrate the creation of
their constitution on 1st of October 1991.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are English, Mende, Temne and Krio. It counts among its major
religions Muslim, Christian and indigenous beliefs. As sources of mass communication it has 1 AM, 9 FM, 1 Short
Wave and 2 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Loma Mansa (Bintimani), its highest point at 1,948 meters and the Atlantic Ocean, its
lowest point at 0 meters. Its principal waterways are the Rokel and Taia Rivers, which measures 1,045 kilometers
however 800 kilometers are considered navigable and of those, only 600 kilometers year-round.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are diamond mining, small-scale
manufacturing, petroleum refining and small commercial ship repair. Its official currency is the Sierra Leonean Leone.

Here’s something you may not know about Sierra Leone. Rainfall along the coast can reach 495 cm (195 inches) a
year, making it one of the wettest places along coastal, western Africa.
Ruin of the Bunce
Island Slave Castle
Land Rover in front of
a church in Freetown
Freetown- Sierra
Leone's capital and
largest city
Lions resting In the
Kilimi National Park
Loma Mansa
(Bintimani)- Sierra
Leone's highest point
The Village of Bo
Village children
Abi's Home Page
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Updated 18 January 2013
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
1.6% (2009 est.)


Toke Beach on the
Atlantic Ocean- Sierra
Leone's lowest point
Liberia- Sierra Leone
border crossing
Sand harvesting on the
Rokel River
Wilberforce Street in
downtown Freetown
Moa River- Sierra
Leone's easternmost
point on the border with
Banana Island- Sierra
Leone's westernmost
Beach on Sierra
Leone's Sherbro Island
Falaba- Sierra Leone's
northernmost point on
the border with Guinea
Okra Soup- a favorite
dish of Sierra Leone
Sulima- the
southernmost point of
Sierra Leone on the
border with Liberia
Woman in traditional
dress of Sierra Leone
Read about human rights in Pax
World Post Report!
Lagoon near Turtle
Island off the Pacific
coast of Sierra Leone
Road to Kailahun on
Sierra Leone's border
with Guinea