Updated 02 September 2012
Solomon Islands is located in the west of the Oceania Continent, with a population of 584,578, making it the 168th
largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Honiara with a total population of 78,190. The country
encompasses 25,450 square kilometers making it the 142nd largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with the
South Pacific Ocean, the Coral Sea and the Solomon Sea.
Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through heredity
and holds that position for life or abdication. She is represented by Governor General Sir Frank Utu Ofagioro Kabui.
Prime Minister Gordon Darcy Lilo is recognized as the Head of Government and achieves that status through
Legislative elections when the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually elected
Prime Minister by parliament and holds that position for four years. The Deputy Prime Minister, Manasseh Maelanga,
achieves his status by appointment from the Governor General with the advice of the prime minister from among the
members of Parliament. Its form of government is a parliamentary democracy and they celebrate the creation of their
constitution on 7th of July 1987.
The languages commonly or officially spoken are Melanesian pidgin in much of the country. English is official but
spoken by only 1%-2% of the population plus an additional 120 languages. It counts among its major religions Church
of Melanesia, Roman Catholic, South Sea Evangelical, Seventh Day Adventist, United Church, Christian Fellowship
Church, other Christian and other, unspecified and no faiths. As sources of mass communication it has 1 AM, 1 FM
and 1 Short Wave.
Major geographical features are Mount Makarakomburu, its highest point at 2,447 meters and the Pacific Ocean, its
lowest point at 0 meters. Its principal waterway is the Pacific Ocean, which measures 1,313 kilometers of coastline.
Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are fish, mining and timber. Its
official currency is the Solomon Islands Dollar.
Here’s something you may not know about Solomon Islands. The Solomon Islands have been inhabited by Melanesian
people from Papua New Guinea for over 30,000 years. The Polynesians arrived about 25,000 years later.
|Buala on Santa Isabel
|Meat and spice in the
|Choiseul Island- the
northernmost of the
highest point on
|New Georgia Island on
the Pacific Ocean-
|Outdoor market in
Islands' capital and
|World War II ship
wreck on Munda Beach
|Village on Guadalcanal
|Poi- a traditional
Solomon Islands' dish
made from taro root
Read about human rights in Pax
Gaea World Post Report!
|Adult Prevalence Rate:
People Living with HIV/AIDS:
|Nendo in the Santa
Cruz Islands- the
easternmost of the
Islands dancers of
Gapuna Village on
|Taro on Choiseul
Island- the northern
and westernmost point
of the Solomon Islands
off the coast of Papua